How Language Continues To Change Essay

826 words - 4 pages

Language, like anything else, is in a state of continuous change. Language change takes place when a generation of speakers produces linguistic expressions that differ from previous generations of speakers. With every generation, words are borrowed from other languages, new words are invented, meanings of words change, and pronunciation of some words is altered. The process of language change might be slow or fast. However, as changes accumulate over time, the old and new language will extremely vary. For instance, symple, an old English word, is changed to simple. Also, speche is changed into speech. Language change is classified into typologies, like semantic change, sound change, lexical change, spelling change, syntactic change and other changes that play a role in the change of language overtime.
Semantic change, also called semantic drift, progression, or shift, is the change of word usage, usually to the point that the new meaning is completely different from that of the old meaning. It is a gradual shift in the conventional meaning of words to new meanings. An example of such shift is the word awful. The conventional meaning of awful is awe-inspiring, but it gradually shifted to describe an unfavorable quality such as very bad. Semantic change is classified into different typologies. The first traditional typology of semantic change is narrowing/restriction. It is the change in the meaning of a word, by which it becomes less general and inclusive. For example: skyline used to refer to a horizon, but its meaning is restricted to refer to a horizon decorated with skyscrapers. Moreover, the word meat referred to any type of food. However, its meaning has gradually narrowed to refer to animal flesh.
The second traditional classification of semantic change is widening. It is the opposite of narrowing. Widening is the change in the meaning of the word where it becomes more general and inclusive. For example, dog used to refer not to any kind of dog, but to some specific large and strong breeds. However, the development of the English word dog is widened to refer to any breed of dog, not just necessarily large and strong breeds. Another example is the middle English word bridde which referred specifically to small birds, but now it is widened to refer to all winged creatures.
The third dimension on which certain semantic changes may be classified is whether they result from metaphor or metonymy. Metaphor in semantic change is based on the similarity...

Find Another Essay On How Language Continues to Change

How Language Deficiency Relates to Antisocial Behavior

1014 words - 4 pages through various stages in learning how to talk. At the age of twelve months toddlers should be saying one to two words and recognizing sounds. Usually the first signs of a language deficiency aren’t found until the ages of three to eight. At that time a speech therapist should be contacted to assist in the curing process. The earlier the problem is identified the better the chances of curing it are. If not handled then the child could grow up

Driving forces that have lead to language change in Australia

1117 words - 4 pages me very happy.Amanda Dunn is a senior writer at The Age. Twitter: @amandadunn10This story was found at: http://www.theage.com.au/comment/chillax-dudes-the-kids-talk-all-right-20130913-2tq5b.htmlAttitudes to language use and change amongst young peopleConsider the following questions.Use them to formulate evidence on contemporary discussion of language to use in your essay:Discuss the use of the words; 'povo' (5) , 'fugly' (8) , 'teenage girl-dom

How Does Conflict Lead To Change

698 words - 3 pages how does conflict lead to change? Drew Aho The conflict in the dogs could teach me starts when Gary realizes that his dogs were very smart. He used to trap animals when he was young but the incident when one of his dogs Columbia meticulously arranges a scenario to tease Olaf, a boneheaded dog changed him. so via his internal conflict which is his struggling to trap and kill animals that could be as intelligent as Columbia is, changed forever

How to Change Oil in a Car

1148 words - 5 pages How to Change Oil in a Car Owning a car is usually a significant investment for an individual. Changing the oil on your car plays an important part to help keep it functioning at peak performance and to ensure that your vehicle last for many miles. You might wonder how often does the oil need changing. Well, manufactures advise that the oil is changed every 3,000 miles or every three months, whichever occurs first. Changing the oil is not

Experiment to observe how one responds to change in vision

1222 words - 5 pages The purpose of this experiment was to observe how one responds to change in vision. A group of 59 students were made to sort a deck of playing cards based on their color, suit and number (since the data for 3 students is missing we will consider the data of only of 56 students). Every student was timed and was encouraged to try and complete the experiment as promptly as possible. The number of errors that each student made was noted down; if a

How Does Language Contribute To Inter Cultural Communications?

1889 words - 8 pages signs. All of the evidence mentioned previous show the close relationship between language and cross-culture communication. The aim of this essay is to explore how language influences intercultural communication by dealing with two main elements, namely language evolution and translation to illustrate both positive and negative effects.According to Gudykunst and Kim (2003), there are five factors for the importance of language in communication

How Language Develops in Babies from 0 to 24 Months

1181 words - 5 pages positive signs her language development is on target. During this timeframe your child knows his name and will turn toward you when you call. He will also start babbling to his toys. Child experts say that at this age, your baby only uses consonants, no vowels. By the time she reaches six months, she can vocalize happy and sad. She also begins to change the pitch and volume when she makes sounds. Help her learn pre-talk by imitating her sounds

A brief how-to essay on learning a foreign language

865 words - 3 pages expression "You can't teach an old dog new tricks." I have devised a method of learning a foreign language (Espanol) which I have begun to learn from that requires only a tape recorder, cassette tapes, paper, TV and a DVD player.Learning to SpeakStep 1: Audio/TranslationThe first step to learning any language is to learn how to speak it. Attempting to learn to read a language is about as wise as pissing against the wind: it's possible, however it tends to

How does Antony Use Language to Manipulate the People?

958 words - 4 pages he and Caesar had once been close friends it is difficult to feel any empathy when he had murdered this so-called friend in cold blood. Antony’s speech was the antithesis of Brutus’ cold and logical explanation; the second oration was dominated by appeals to Pathos, emotive language and verses of Antony reminiscing about Caesar’s successes and also his compassion and how his death had affected all of them, especially him. Antony expresses this

How To Change the Oil in your Car's Engine

738 words - 3 pages How To Change the Oil in your Car's Engine Automobiles are American's second largest investment after real estate. It is impoprtant to understand how to keep your car performing at its best. The major components of a car consist of the engine, transmission, brakes, suspension, and tires. The purpose of this essay is to guide you through the process of changing the oil in your car's engine. An oil change is recommended every 3,000 to

How did American society change from 1865 to 1930?

1026 words - 5 pages What is society? Society is a highly structured system, of human organization for large scale community living that normally furnishes protection. A national identity for its members in a group. This groups are classify as lower-class, middle, class, and upper-class. Each of these groups change over time. Never staying the same. From 1865 to 1930s the American society had change in hug enormous ways. What you do? What you wear? Who you hang

Similar Essays

How To Implement Organizational Change Essay

966 words - 4 pages pressures and long term organizational change frequently create a dichotomy. It has been apparent that change efforts did not succeed because the demands of the present became too overwhelming to allow the necessary focus on the long term.The result is that when people are confronted with the opportunity of changing their organization, the most immediate reaction is "If it works don't fix it." The main problem is that they can't see that it is

How To Implement Organizational Change? Essay

1396 words - 6 pages How to Implement Organizational Change?"Between 50 and 70% or organizational change efforts fail" Hammer & Champy - Reengineering the corporation.In light of this statement from the "inventors" of reengineering it is not surprising that the concept is being met with a certain amount of apathy and disdain these days.Having practiced in this area for more than a decade now, it is becoming increasingly clear that organizations are very capable

How To Change Disc Brakes Essay

1343 words - 5 pages How to change disc brake pads.Preparations: A tools and parts list - When your car's front wheels start squeaking, thats when you know it is time for new brake pads. If you intend to do most of your own maintenance over the course of several years, the cost is defrayed over time.Most brake pads are around $40. Vehicular floor jack - One capable of operating with 3 tons is recommended ,. DOT3 break fluid ,DOT3 brake fluid is for disc and drum

How To Teach A Second Language

1024 words - 5 pages your students, or implement appropriate opportunities for learners to practice the language during the class. According to Jim Scrivener (2011), the general ideas from someone who wants to teach a second language are: what a teacher’s job is, what learners can do and how they should work. Based on these ideas, before you start teaching you have to consider three main steps. First of all you have to know the language, then you need to know the