Language Extinction: Melanisian Essay

1860 words - 7 pages

Language influences the view of the world, embodies a person’s essential for survival to communicate with people, interpret ideas, and have perspective about cultural and traditional knowledge. However, Language extinction is a huge element in every day’s life. Because language extinction also means the culture, religion, social values, and its history is slowly getting loss at the same time. There are many factors to language extinction due to the population, educational, and economic principles. Melanesian is one of the rapid extinction of the world's languages that are endangered before they disappear completely.
Melanesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean. Melanesia itself is part of a larger culture area called Oceania that includes Melanesia, Polynesia, Micronesia. The native populations of Melanesians are described as dark-skinned with frizzy hair ("Endangered Languages"). They are near Australia and they lie in a semicircle off the northeast coast of that continent (“Wikipeadia”). Within the region the countries of Melanesia are Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Santa Cruz, and New Caledonia. People mistakenly think that Melanesian languages are classified under the Polynesia languages ("Lost Language, Lost Culture"). Fiji is part of Melanesia; who has migrated from Vanuatu and some of the smaller outer islands are populated by Polynesians around Melanesia, and others by small groups of Micronesians (“Wikipeadia”). The nearest country to Fiji is Tonga, which is part of the Polynesian island; thus, making people mistakenly think that Melanesia is part of the Polynesian area. But originally, Melanesian people speak Fijian, Motu, and Yabim; which is part of the Papuan languages. Most of the languages of Melanesian have over a thousand languages in Melanesia that is spread across a small amount of land ("New from Cambridge University Press"). One of the cases of language extinction of Melanesia is when they shift to speaking to another language by a more powerful group. For instance, Melanesian languages are endangered by external forces such as economic, and educational. It is also endangered by internal forces such as the community’s negative attitude towards its own language, and migration.
An interesting feature of the language state in Melanesia is the spoken language of creoles functioning as languages of boarder communication. For example, Melanesian creoles include Tok Pisin in in Papua New Guinea. Which often bring the loss of traditional ways speaking a dominant language ("Endangered Languages."). They also have a Melanesia pidgin, which some of the basic vocabulary that is used in most varieties; the words can cause the vocabulary to shift their meanings. For example, Fijian is one of the Melanesian language, its native alphabet lacks h, x, z, f, j, and p. The letter b is pronounced mb, d sounds like nd, g is ng, and q is also ng (Katzner 249). Motu is also one of the Melanesian...

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