Lani Guinier's Writing "Second Proms And Second Primaries" And Malcolm Gladwell's "The Power Of Context".

950 words - 4 pages

Nicholas StrykerOctober 15, 2002Essay 3In Lani Guinier's writing "Second Proms and Second Primaries" she discusses the polarized voting problem in Phillips County Arkansas. In Malcolm Gladwell's "The Power of Context" he discusses the crime epidemic in New York City. Within both of these scenarios the people involved are looking for a way to solve their problem. One way to try and fix these problems is to use the Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE). The FAE can be explained as "human beings making the mistake of overestimation the importance of fundamental character traits and underestimating the importance of situation and context."(Gladwell, 296) In an example a group of people are asked to watch two equally talented basketball players. One player is shooting in a well-lighted gym, while the other is shooting in a badly-lighted gym. The player playing in the badly-lighted gym had missed more shots than the other in the well-lighted gym. The group of people watching were then asked who they believed was the better basketball player, they responded by saying the player in the well-lighted gym was because he had made more baskets. (Gladwell, 296) We notice this because we are more adjusted to personal cues than contextual cues (Gladwell, 297). In both Phillips County and NYC if someone were to try and use the FAE theory to resolve the problems they would discover that their problems might become solved but the solution would be socially unacceptable.Racial profiling would be a solution to solve NYC's crime problem using the FAE. "During the 1980's, New York City's averaged well over 2,000 murders and 600,000 serious felonies a year."(Gladwell, 287) If someone were to attempt to improve the city's conditions they might use the FAE's theory. If they were to follow this theory I believe NYC officials would racially profile their population. Racial profiling occurs when the police target someone for investigation on the basis of that person's race, national origin, or ethnicity. If the police do racially profile their city's population than they would be making judgments of the people based on their character or race not based on the situation they might be involved in or their position. If police were to racially profile an African American they would target them because they believe they are more likely to commit criminal activity. The government might conduct a study on the murder rate of black and whites; this is the statistics they would find. The white murder rate is five per 100,000 people to 9.8 to 100,000 of the black population. This statistic shows that blacks commit more crime than whites. So if one were to single out the black population using the FAE theory, and arrest them based on the sole reason they are black they believe it would solve their problem.Racial districting would be a FAE technique that would bring...

Find Another Essay On Lani Guinier's writing "Second Proms and Second Primaries" and Malcolm Gladwell's "The Power of Context".

Hitler's Germany and the coming of the Second World War

768 words - 3 pages There has been much debate regarding the causes and responsibility for the origin of the Second World War. Following the declaration of the Allied victory in 1945, popular opinion placed responsibility solely on the shoulders of the defeated Axis, particularly Nazi Germany and its Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler. A more removed examination of the international situation, however, reveals the European nations’ unwillingness to provoke another conflict

"The Second Coming" and the Death of God

1517 words - 6 pages ” modes of power/knowledge that are being formulated in postmodernity. “The Second Coming” is a poetic rendition of Death of God theology. It’s doctrine of man describes man as living in the wake of the death of God (a death that inverts the world, unleashing Nihilism) and it’s Eschatology describes a vision in which the Anti-Christ, which is represented as the Sphinx, awaits to be born in Bethlehem. This Sphinx is the negation of the God

Similarities between WW1 and The destruction of the Second Temple

689 words - 3 pages be used as slave laborers or to be killed.What episode in Jewish history is depicted in this scenario?Most people would say this was the Warsaw Ghetto uprising against the Nazis in 1943. But in fact it was the Roman destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Temple in the year 70The destruction of the Second temple and the attack on the Warsaw Ghetto, although separated by nearly two thousand years have and eerie sameness.The Germans sealed off the

Analysis of the First and Second Opium Wars.

3312 words - 13 pages that became leaders in the thirty year "Modernization Movement".( Chesneaux, 247)The "Modernization Movement" was proposed and led by Li HongZhang. Li HongZhang came to power after the Second Opium War. The conservative wing of the Qing government temporarily retreated because their policies and strategies obviously failed completely. The new reformers like Li HongZhang, Zeng GuoFan and Zuo ZongTang started a wave of industrialization and

Poets of the first and second world war.

4403 words - 18 pages bear, turned to poetry as the only way of realising-for the first and often the last time in their lives. So both wars produced a cataract of poetry.However, the poetry of the Second World War is much different from that of the first. Most of the poets that we know of in the First World War were writing in hope of publication. They were nearly all men, and men with university degrees, largely from public schools; Isaac Rosenberg was one of the

Things Fall Apart and The Second Coming

460 words - 2 pages ;   Chinua Achebe based his story, "Things Fall Apart," on the poem by William Butler Yeats called "The Second Coming." These two pieces of literature have many similarities but no differences.           When analyzing the poem, "The Second Coming,"  I notice that the title of the story is included in the poem. The poem is based on changes and it implies that when mere anarchy is in play

: Dictatorships And The Second World War

1155 words - 5 pages I found the some very remarkable information in the most recent chapter that we have discussed in class "Dictatorship and the Second World War." I found vivid examples of how specific dictatorships ruled countries and regions, and how their actions affected the people they ruled, both negatively and positively. It largely encompasses the character of Adolf Hitler. His story has always intrigued me, not because he was a good leader for the

Gun control and the second amendment

721 words - 3 pages Spresser PAGE 4 Teresa SpresserInstructor Gordon PetersBUS23023 April 2013Gun Control & The Second AmendmentThe second amendment states "A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right to the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed." To an average person this means that anyone at anytime should be able to possess a gun without being questioned. However, if you interpret the amendment based

World Issues as discussed by Lani Guinier, Malcolm Gladwell, and Eric Schlosser.

1260 words - 5 pages Nick StrykerExpository WritingBill MabeNovember 11, 2002Final DraftPaper 5In "The Power of Context," Malcolm Gladwell explains how situations influence the behavior of human beings. In the essay "Second Proms and Second Primaries," Lani Guinier discusses some of the causes of low voter turnout among the black population in Phillips County, Arkansas. Finally Eric Schlosser, in the essay entitled "Global Realization," offers a ranging explanation

Malcolm Gladwell's Outliers: The Path to Success

1123 words - 4 pages Imagine a book that offers the reader a key; a key that enables them to ride down the highway to success and see all of the stops along the way that are instrumental in achieving success. Malcolm Gladwell does precisely this in his novel Outliers, which examines some of history’s most successful people and then attempts to explain why they specifically became successful beyond their wildest dreams. Gladwell is a reporter for The New Yorker and

First and Second Language Acquisition

1339 words - 5 pages First and Second Language Acquisition In our everyday lives, the origin of our ability to communicate is usually not often taken into consideration. One doesn't think about how every person has, or rather had at one time, an innate ability to learn a language to total fluency without a conscious effort – a feat that is seen by the scientific community "as one of the many utterly unexplainable mysteries that beset us in our daily lives" (3

Similar Essays

The Context Of The Second Amendment

949 words - 4 pages The Context of The Second Amendment      The interpretation of the Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America has been a topic of controversy since its acceptance over two-hundred years ago. This controversy stems from the fact that the amendment was written for reasons for the most part that do not have any relevance today. One side argues the amendment void, and the other takes it out of historical context

The Context Of The Second Amendment

1031 words - 4 pages The Context of The Second AmendmentThe interpretation of the Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America has been a topic of controversy since its acceptance over two-hundred years ago. This controversy stems from the fact that the amendment was written for reasons for the most part that do not have any relevance today. One side argues the amendment void, and the other takes it out of historical context so it portrays

Spirituality And The Second Coming Essay

956 words - 4 pages Spirituality and The Second Coming       In his eloquent poem "The Second Coming" William Butler Yeats uses word choice and phrase combinations to convey to the reader an understanding of his sentiment of impossibility concerning the fate of spirituality for the human race. His inner conscious is spread out in the poem for the reader to either accompany him in his darkness or to turn their back and continue to believe in their own form of

Gun Ownership And The Second Amendment Of The Constitution

1622 words - 6 pages argument that the shotgun had "some reasonable relationship to the preservation or efficiency of a well-regulated militia," the Court held that the Second Amendment "must be interpreted and applied" only in the context of safeguarding the continuation and effectiveness of the state militias. In other words, the federal government is free to regulate and even ban guns so long as it does not interfere with the state's ability to run a militia. Since