As James Madison defined, a faction is “A number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.” (Federalist. 10, page 43)
If we look at the world throughout the history we see that there have been always efforts by factions to get power and authority. According to Madison’s definition, factions occur because of differences in opinions and interests among people. People with the same interests tend to have ties with one another. These ties form groups. Then forming groups based on similar interests leads to factions. James Madison states, as long as there are different interests within any society factions are predicted and inevitable. Factions tend to protect and maintain those interests for the sake of some specific groups.
As the United States of America declared its independence in 1776, soon James Madison realized the thread of factions and acknowledged that factions are likely expected. However the United States of America was newly separated and it became a sovereign country, it could make it and stood on its feet. Madison says that the goal or the aim of any faction is to accomplish the ends of that faction. The founders of the American government believed that factions were dangerous because they could influence the legislator’s decisions. These factions try to have an influence on the constitution and on laws. They say that legislators may or will pass bills and laws in their own interests or in their faction’s interests. Due to all these facts I believe that there should be a large constitutional republican system with many different interests because it eliminates factions.
Although claiming to set up a good government is very controversial and it is arguable, I think we can set up a good form of government. Long ago Locke stated that a constitutional government can guarantee people’s rights. It means that he was for a constitutional government that could guarantee everybody’s rights. Both John Locke and Thomas Jefferson believed that a limited or a constitutional government is a best form of government. They believed that the powers of the rulers can be limited by a set of laws called a constitution. Therefore, establishing a constitutional government that can guarantee people’s rights like life, liberty, freedom of speech, pursuit of happiness and etc can be considered as a good form of government.
Like John Locke and Thomas Jefferson, James Madison also argues and writes about the ability to have a good form of government. He believes that it is necessary and also very important to have diversity in interests and in opinions. He thinks, the more diversity is in interests and opinions the fewer the threat and danger of factions. He also believes that a government with a strong constitution based on...