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Largest Recorded Outbreak Of Cryptosporidium Hominis In Europe

692 words - 3 pages

During the month of November 2010, the largest outbreak ever recorded in Europe of Cryptosporidium hominis happened within the city of Östersund, Sweden. The outbreak also extended to areas around this city. This outbreak falls second, within the category of largest ever-recorded outbreaks of Cryptosporidium hominis, to an outbreak that happened in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA in the year of 1993. This outbreak occurred from drinking contaminated water from a water treatment plant and infected approximately 400,000 people.
Cryptosporidium hominis is known to cause cryptosporidiosis that leads to gastrointestinal symptoms, including watery and daily diarrhea. This outbreak in Sweden was the ...view middle of the document...

This investigation was beneficial in accessing the extent of the outbreak, clinical characteristics, and the risk factors for acquiring cryptosporidiosis.
The third investigation was a microbiological human fecal sample of residents of Östersund who had acute gastroenteritis. This sampling occurred between November 1, 2010 and January 31, 2011. These fecal samples were tested for various pathogens. Cryptosporidium oocysts were analyzed by standard concentration techniques and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining.
The fourth investigation was a microbiological environmental sample. This environmental sample included the analysis of drinking water, raw water, and wastewater. These water samples were collected from or near WTP-Ö and the neighboring wastewater treatment plant. The raw water was collected from Lake Storsjön, which sources WTP-Ö.
The results of the electronic survey yielded results showing 10,653 people who were reporting gastrointestinal symptoms. From the written questionnaire, 1,044 of the total 1,508 people responded. Forty five percent of all respondents meet the criteria outlined for the case. Using the forty five percent rate applied to the total population of Östersund, results indicated that approximately 27,000 people contracted clinical...

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