Las Communidades Autonomas En Espana. Essay

2058 words - 8 pages

Hoy Vamos a hablar de unos de los aspectos mas sobresaliente del actual sistema politico espanol. Es la organization territorial del estado. En espana hay un singularidad administrativa : las communidas autonomas.Espana es un país muy descentralizado que se divide en 17 áreas autónomas.En primer lugar, vamos a explicar cuáles son las razones por las que Espana ha decidido de utilizar un sistema decentralizado con muchas autonomia para las regiones.Es que en espana, hay muchas identidades distintas. Las diferencias pueden ser regionales, culturales o historicas. Regiones como el pays vasco, Cataluna, galiciaTienen sus identidad proprias : tienen una idioma propria, y una cultura muy differente de todas las otras partes de espana.Estas regiones habian tenido autonomia con gobiernos autonomos antes de la guerra civil. Pero antes de 1939, se installo la dictadura Franquista. Durante esta parte dela historia de espana el estado era muy unitario y la administration era muy centralisada y las otras culturas que la cultura espanol estaba opprimidas. La uniqua idioma que se podia utilizar fue el castellano. Las otras idiomas como el catalan y el vasquo eran prohibidas. Tambien la cultura de esas regiones era oppressado. Todos los simbolos de esas culturas eran prohibido. Por ejemplo, era prohibido de baillar la « Sardana » que es una danza tipica de Cataluna. Es también la razón por la que el futbol club Barcelona sigue siendo muy especial para los ciudadanos de Barcelona. Porque durante la Dictatura el estadio de futbol era el único lugar donde era permitido de gritar " Viva Barcelone " o "viva Barca". Eso significa que era ilegal decir tal cosa en las calles. Es muy difficil de realizar que solo hace 30 años no era permitido de decir lo que quieres en un país cerca de nosotros en Europa.Cuando Franco morio, como ya lo hemos visto la semana pasada Espana empezo un processo de democratization. Durante el periodo de la transition politica de 1975 hasta 1978 fue decidado de commun acuerdo de satisfecer fuertes reivindicaciones nacionalistas de autonomia des las pocas regiones "historicas" (por la major parte el Pays Vasco, Cataluna y Galicia)La idea recibio una amplia adhesion popular y estos cambios fueron objeto de un amplio consenso. De esta manera, se constituyeron gradualmente 17 communidas autonomas. Es importante de saber que solo unas pocas regiones quisieron devenir autonomias. Pero el resultado final fue que todas las regiones de Espana se pusieron autonomas. El estado decentralizado permite reducir la cadena burocratica y las costes administrativos. Tambien permite ofrecer mejores servicios a los ciudanos.El articulo 8 de la constitution de 1978 se fundamenta en la indisoluble unidad de la nación española, patria común e indivisible de todos los españoles, y reconoce y garantiza el derecho a la autonomía de las nacionalidades y regiones...

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