Lasers In Surgery Essay

1931 words - 8 pages

Lasers in Surgery

 
      Abstract: The laser is gaining increasing popularity in the medical field because of its broad application, efficiency, and improvement in overall ease of the procedures in which it is used.. The laser can treat an enormous range of ailments. The chronic nighttime snorer can give those around him relief by a simple procedure with the laser. In dermatology, the laser can be used for removing moles, tattoos, birthmarks, treating wrinkles, and possibly destroying skin cancer. The once dreaded trips to the dentist may become less painful since the laser is helping to replace the drill and Novocain. The laser also is becoming increasingly popular in orthopedics for treating shoulder, knee, and back ailments. For women many gynecological problems ranging from infertility to endometriosis can be treated with the laser. For small, precise work the laser is indispensable such as in the eye. Unfortunately, since laser medicine is still rapidly developing, it has experienced its pitfalls in some areas like cardiology. Overall, the laser is an invaluable substitute for the scalpel of the past, and the laser's possibilities for the future are broad and promising.

 

Lasers in Surgery

The laser is creating a bloodless revolution. A laser works by using heat to obliterate cells. As it cuts, blood vessels are sealed, and tissue is sterilized. The laser is particularly useful in regions of the body that are difficult to reach. Many types of lasers are used in surgery, and the kind (gas, liquid, solid, visible, or unseen) varies based on the procedure. Choosing the laser to fit the procedure is essential because otherwise damage such as fires, eye harm, a charred cheek, a chipped tooth, an explosion, or an electrocution may occur. While decreasing the time of a procedure, a laser also minimizes bleeding, swelling, bruising, scarring, pain, and a lengthy recovery, which were all associated with the use of a scalpel. Laser usage is becoming increasingly varied and diverse.

 

Laser surgery can be used to help stop the noise of a person who habitually snores when sleeping. Many times snoring is related to the physical obstruction of breathing during sleep. When the muscles of the palate, the uvula (membrane which hangs down in the middle of the soft palate), and the tonsils relax during sleep, they vibrate and cause loud noises. If snoring is the result of obstructive breathing and not something like a cold or allergic rhinitis, laser surgery can help eliminate it. Snoring is a serious problem when individuals have periods of time with completely obstructed breathing which is called sleep apnea. It can be fatal if the individuals do not breathe for over 20 seconds. Also, the lower oxygen levels present cause the person to have a lighter level of sleep so when they wake up, they are not thoroughly rested and may have the tendency to easily fall asleep.

 

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