One would argue that George Orwell, also known as Eric Blair, saw the pattern of past oppressive regimes as a way to predict the future. Orwell saw his surroundings as a basis to writing his novel, 1984. 1984 has offend been considered one of the first dystopian novels. Back in 1948, when he wrote the novel, a dystopian society was unheard of. The concept of utopia had been around for centuries, however, the general public did not commonly know a dystopia. Many things helped to influence Orwell’s nightmare. His own personal past, Hitler’s Germany, and the inquisition were key events that shaped Orwell’s thoughts.
The topic of a dystopian society is one that is hard to explain without fully dissecting it. The definition of a dystopia is a futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control. Dystopias, through exaggerated worst-case scenario, make a criticism about current trends, societal norm, or political system. Many dystopias use propaganda to shape the thoughts of their citizens. Information, free thought, and freedom in general are restricted by the leader, such as Big Brother, are also characteristics of a dystopia. One of the key factors in a Dystopia is surveillance of citizens at all times. There are four types of dystopias. The first being Corporate control. Corporate control is when one or more corporation controls a society through its products, advertising, and even through the media. The second is Bureaucratic control. A government that is mindless rules this type of dystopia. They would pass regulations that would be relentless. The Government’s only concern would be for itself. It could care less what happened to its citizens. The next type is technological control. This type can be explained in the name. Society is controlled solely by technology. Some examples of this type of dystopia would be the movies The Matrix, The terminator, and I, Robot. Lastly, a dystopia can be controlled by philosophical or by religion. This is when society is controlled by philosophical or religious ideas. They are often enforced through dictatorship or a theocratic government.
Totalitarianism goes along with a dystopian state. According to dictionary.com totalitarianism is the state of or pertaining to a centralized government that does not tolerate parties of differing opinion and that exercises dictatorial control over many aspects of life or exercising control over the freedom, will, or thought of others; authoritarian; autocratic.
1984 is an Example of both a dystopian society and a totalitarian society. In the actual year 1984 Orwell was interviewed about the book 1984, witch was written in 1948. Although this was not an actual interview with George Orwell, because he died in 1950, just two years after he wrote 1984, David Wykes acted as if he were Orwell himself. David Wykes is associate...