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Latin Notes On Verbs, Adverbs, Nouns, Adjectives

2539 words - 10 pages

LATIN NOTESPronouns : Demonstrative PronounsIs, ea, id = he she itSingularMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.iseaidAcc.eumeameumGen.eiuseiuseiusDat.eieieiAbl.eoeaeoPluralMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.eieaeeaAcc.eoseaseosGen.eorumearumeorumDat.eiseiseisAbl.eiseiseisIlle, illa, illud = he, she it/thatSingularMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.illeillailludAcc.illumillamilludGen.illiusilliusilliusDat.illiilliilliAbl.illoillailloPluralMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.illiillaeillaAcc.illosillasillaGen.illorumillarumillorumDat.illisillisillisAbl.illisillisillisNB : ille, illa, illud is often used to indicate a change of subject from the previous sentencee.g. Argus Quintum pugnat; ille fugitArgus attacks Quintus; he (Quintus) fleesPersonal PronounEgo = I, meNom.egoAcc.meGen.meiDat.mihiAbl.meTu = you (sg.)Nom.tuAcc.teGen.tuiDat.tibiAbl.teNos = we, usNom.nosAcc.nosGen.nostriDat.nobisAbl.nobisVos = you allNom.vosAcc.vosGen.vestriDat.vobisAbl.vobisReflective PronounSe = himself, herself, itself, themselvesNom.--Acc.seGen.suiDat.sibiAbl.seUsed to refer to the 3rd Person subject of the sentencee.g. Quintus se occiditQuintus kills himselfe.g. Decimus sibi donum datDecimus gives himself a presente.g. pueri se pulsatThe boys are punching themselvesThe Possessive AdjectiveMeus, mea, meum = myTuus, tua, tuum = yourNoster, nostra, nostrum = ourVester, vestra, vestrum = yourNB : Use these adjectives to describe 1st and 2nd person possessionDo Not use the genitive of the personal pronoune.g. pater meus (correct), not pater mei (incorrect)The Reflexive AdjectiveSuus, sua, suum = his own/her own/it's own/their owne.g. Quintus suam sororem non iuvatQuintus is not helping his own sisterTwo Irregular VerbsNolo, nolle = I don't wantVolo, volle = I wantSingularPlural1st PersonVolovolumus2nd PersonVisvoltis3rd PersonVultvolunt------1st Personnolonolumus2nd Personnonvisnonvultis3rd PersonnonvultnoluntDemonstrative PronounHic, haec, hoc = thisSingularMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.hichaechocAcc.hunchanchocGen.huiushuiushuiusDat.huichuichuicAbl.hochachocPluralMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.hihaechaecAcc.hoshashaecGen.horumharumhorumDat.hishishisAbl.hishisHisEmphatic PronounIpse, ipsa, ipsum = -selfSingularMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.ipseipsaipsumAcc.ipsumipsamipsumGen.ipsiusipsiusipsiusDat.ipsiipsiipsiAbl.ipsoipsaipsoPluralMasc.Fem.NeuterNom.ipsiipsaeipsaAcc.ipsosipsasipsaGen.ipsorumipsarumipsorumDat.ipsisipsisipsisAbl.ipsisipsisipsisThe River of TimeWe have learnt the present tense. We will now learn all the past tenses, and the future tenses.Future Time ____________________ Future Tense - I will lookFuture Time ____________________Future Perfect Tense - I will have lookedPresent Time ________________________ Present Tense - I am lookingPast Time ____________________Imperfect/Perfect Tenses - I waslooking/I have looked/I lookedPast Time ____________________ Pluperfect Tense - I had lookedThe Principle PartsFrom now on, you will learn 4 forms of each verb in your vocabulary list. These are called the 4 Principal Parts.e.g. paro, parare, paravi, paratumThey are used...

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