Lay Investiture Essay

646 words - 3 pages

Lay investiture was a major problem during the reign of King Henry IV and the papacy of Pope Gregory VII. Up to this point, secular leaders had the power to appoint bishops and abbots in their land, causing a blend between the lines of Church and state. Gregory or “Hildebrand” recognized this dilemma and restricted investiture to the duty of the pope in 1075. Henry IV responded very cruelly and Hildebrand promptly excommunicated him. The Concordat of Worms eventually solved this controversy in 1122, in which lay investiture by secular leaders was eliminated. This was one of the first examples of the struggle between Church and state and it certainly was not the last.
I believe that laws should be made acknowledging the beliefs of not just Christianity, but all religions. No laws should be passed infringing on the practices and beliefs of any religion, no matter how strange it may seem. Anything that would ...view middle of the document...

Kings were appointing people to Church positions in order to benefit themselves and were not thinking for the good of the Church. The pope should be able to choose his bishops and those who serve God with him. Secular leaders appointed corrupt lay people to the position of bishop and the whole Church was becoming immoral and unethical. Hildebrand did what he needed to do to save the Church from a disastrous and unholy future.
The Church is separate from politics and government for a reason. When it became too involved with the monarchy, its voice was veiled by the royalty. Two groups are not going to agree on every single aspect of religion and rule, and they are going to have to make a compromise. The Church should not sell short its beliefs to a certain political party because one, most likely the less adamant (the Church), will have to waive its beliefs. Also, if the Church became involved in government, less focus would be given to the Christian faith. The papacy would have to split its attention between religion and politics. It is overall a bad idea.
However, the Church still stands strongly on one side of certain political issues. The Catholic Church is vehemently against abortion, pre-marital sex, and divorce just to name a few.
Still, this does not mean they are siding with any political party that also scorns these practices. They stand their ground on these issues, but do not cross the line into political affairs by petitioning for a law against them. The Church has their own laws or commandments for Christians to follow and they do not need a federal law supporting them. Although there is no jail time for disobeying them, truly faithful Christians are expected to follow these just as scrupulously as normal laws.
Church and state have always clashed since way before the Concordat of Worms and the investiture controversy. Sometimes, a coalesced religion and government seems like a beneficial idea. Both sides would work together and achieve unity. However, the relationship between Church and state must always be divided in order to keep the Church purely holy and the state purely political.

Find Another Essay On Lay Investiture

The Growth of the Roman Catholic Church

2163 words - 9 pages -nephew, because priests took celibacy oaths so they had no children. Many popes elevated their nephews (or brothers, cousins, uncles etc.) to cardinals. There are over 200 cases of this from the 11th century to the 19th century. The final abuse by the church is Lay Investiture. Loyola University in New Orleans defines lay investiture as the appointment of bishops, abbots, and other church officials by feudal lords and vassals. No one questioned

History Of the Catholic Church Essay

1788 words - 7 pages Hildebrand, became pope in 1073, he wanted to free the Church from secular control. As a monk of the Cluny movement, he saw the clergy's independence from civil powers as crucial to any reform in the Church. Thus, he ruled )against *lay investiture*-- the practice by which a high-ranking layperson such as an emperor, a king, a count, or a lord could appoint bishops or abbots, "investing" them with power and requiring their loyalty.2. The German

Medieval Christianity

1986 words - 8 pages MEDIEVAL CHRISTIANTY The Papacy In the Middle Ages there was a conflict between the Emperor and the Pope that was known as the Investiture Struggle. What was the nature of this conflict between church and state? It concentrates on the papacy and the papal claims to universal authority. Investiture is defined as the ceremony or act of investing or installing someone in high office. Having that understanding it is easy to see why the

Middle Ages

772 words - 3 pages place in 1075, when Pope Gregory 7 and King Henry 4 of Germany engaged in a heated battle over the issue of lay investiture, the process by which the king appointed religious officials. Pope Gregory felt that no lay person had the right to appoint religious officials, while King Henry realized that without this right, his power would be significantly lessened. The controversy was not resolved until a compromise called the Concordat of Worms was

Terms and People -

1497 words - 6 pages varying extent in medieval and modern western and central Europe.Hapsburgs - Habsburg (frequently spelled Hapsburg) was one of the ruling houses of Europe: rulers of Austria, and Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806.Lay Investiture - Lay investiture was the appointment of bishops, abbots, and other church officials by feudal lords and vassals.Gunpowder - Any of several mixtures used as propelling charges in guns and as blasting agents in

How the church was formed

1579 words - 6 pages the speculations of the ancients.The image of co-operation between church and state, symbolised by the pope's coronation of Charlemagne, must not be taken to mean that no conflict existed between the two in the Middle Ages. On the contrary, they clashed repeatedly over the delineation of their respective spheres of authority. The most persistent source of such clashes was the right of the sovereign to appoint bishops in his realm (lay investiture

The First Crusade and the Ideas of Crusading

2006 words - 8 pages ; however, before one can delve directly into his argument, one must first understand the background surrounding the rise of the first crusade. Throughout the ten-century, particularly in France, the world had become an extremely violent place. Feudal Knights were often quarreling over land possession, looting, and looking to lay people to provide them with sustenance . Likewise, the power of these knights and the extent of violence flourished due to

The Growth of the Roman Catholic Church (10th-15th Centuries)

4147 words - 17 pages brothers, cousins, uncles etc.) to cardinals. There are over 200 cases of this from the 11th century to the 19th century. The final abuse by the church is Lay Investiture. Loyola University in New Orleans,Lousiana defines lay investiture as the appointment of bishops, abbots, and other church officials by feudal lords and vassals. No one questioned a king or noble's right to grant a bishop or abbot a fief and have him become a vassal, but the church

Birth of a New Era

1977 words - 8 pages they can feel free to neglect their subjects because they know they cannot lose their princely status. The state does not benefit from the Church’s relationship to the State because of the uncertainty of this relationship. Tension was always present between the two sects and has historically caused problems over and over again. One such instance was the controversy over the lay investiture in the eleventh century and the conflict between Pope

The Middle Ages DBQ

1073 words - 5 pages . Religion really unified Western Europe after the fall of Rome so even political kings could not upset the Pope in fear of getting their kingdom excommunicated. For example, King Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII had argued over lay investiture which led to the excommunication of King Henry IV, which soon after, King Henry IV had to apoligize and get un-excommunicated (OI). The result of this is the Church had a great amount of power socially and

The Medieval Period

1533 words - 6 pages . Heretics, like the Cathars and Albigensians, came into existence and spoke out about church wealth and believed in a dualistic theology. In response, the church instituted monastic reforms against worldliness and complacency within its ranks. In 1122, the power of the Papacy began to expand with the Concordat of Worms which was a compromise between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor over lay investiture. Also during this time, the Crusades played an

Similar Essays

Lay Investiture Essay

1223 words - 5 pages . Emperors and kings tried to attach themselves to the wealth and authority ecclesiastical members possessed by offering the church protection in return. During the 11th century, the church argued with the state that lay princes could not participate in ceremonies that chose bishops and abbots who were installed in their dioceses. This was the basis of the Lay Investiture Controversy. As the church and its officials gained more power secularly, the

Discuss The Major Changes Implemented By The Papacy And Wider Church In The Eleventh And Twelfth Centuries. Why Were Such Changes Felt To Be Necessary?

2340 words - 9 pages internal reform that was focussed on the accusations of simony and nicholaitism, was the viewed need to abolish lay investiture thus purging the church of lay influences in an effort to "renew and restore whatever has long been long neglected in the Church through sin ... [and] through evil custom" as declared by Pope Gregory VII. By looking at the essence of the reforms, focussing on the evils of simony and nicholaity, then moving onto the investiture

Ap Euro Essay

1009 words - 4 pages priests, simony, and violence. The Lateran Synod of 1059 established election of the Pope by the College of Cardinals in an attempt to reduce the influence of Roman aristocratic factions on the choice.The Gregorian RevolutionPope Gregory VII and Lay InvestitureGregory sought to end lay investiture¾the selection and appointment of church officials by secular authorities.In February 1075 Pope Gregory held a council at Rome that condemned

The Middle Ages In Despair Essay

739 words - 3 pages the church, or clergy. The church despised lay investiture (“a ceremony where kings and nobles would appoint church officials” (textbook page 373)). This strongly held belief gave rise to the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV (a German Emperor). In fact, Pope Gregory banned lay investiture in 1075. This infuriated Henry IV so, he called a meeting with the bishops he had appointed. They ordered Pope Gregory to give up his power as