Le Corbusier: Philips Pavilion, Brussels, 1958

2089 words - 8 pages

Le Corbusier: Philips Pavilion, Brussels, 1958

Located in a small site next to the Dutch section and away from the center of the fair, the pavilion hosted a futuristic multimedia display featuring images, colored lighting and music and sounds called the "Poème Electronique." Some of the greatest artistic minds of the twentieth century were involved in its creation, including the architect Le Corbusier (1887-1965) and the composer Edgard Varèse (1883-1965). But most importantly, the Philips Pavilion represented an important artistic phenomenon through its synthesis of architecture, visual media and music.

The purpose of the pavilion was to exhibit the technology of the Philips corporation, a Dutch electronics company specializing in everything from sound production to fluorescent lighting to X-ray technology. Philips' aim was obviously promotional, integrating corporate advertisement into an exhibit much like the pavilions by General Motors and Ford at the Chicago fair of 1933 and the New York fair of 1939. But rather than having a traditional pavilion that would display their products for the visitors to browse through, Philips chose to create an integrated work of modern art that would utilize its wide array of technologies. Therefore, the Philips pavilion had no exhibits per se; rather it was a kind of exhibit in itself; an all-encompassing showcase of what the Philips corporation could offer.

For the execution of this unique undertaking, Philips selected the French architect Le Corbusier, one of the greatest modern designers of the twentieth century. Philips executives approached him in January 1956 to design, in the words of artistic director Louis Kalff, a "spatial-color-light-music production" for the Philips corporation (Treib 2). Le Corbusier was by this time near the end of his career, but also at the height of his powers, as demonstrated by his recently completed masterpieces including the Unit‚ d'Habitation in Marseilles (1946-52) and the chapel of Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp, France (1950-54). Philips executives no doubt expected a first-class design from Le Corbusier, but they also expected him to direct the entire concept of the Poème Electronique and all of its images and lighting, in addition to the architecture. In effect, Philips gave Le Corbusier carte blanche to create their pavilion, insisting only that he utilize the various technological media the company was producing.

Le Corbusier's involvement in the Philips Pavilion is often overestimated. In reality, most of the designing was carried out by his collaborator Yannis Xenakis (b.1922), a Greek architect and music composer working in Le Corbusier's office at the time. Xenakis would later become famous for his use of rigorous mathematical concepts and relationships in his music, but at this time was not well known. This may be part of the reason that he receives less recognition for the design than he probably deserves, coupled with Le Corbusier's prestige and...

Find Another Essay On Le Corbusier: Philips Pavilion, Brussels, 1958

This is about Arghitectual Engineering, it goes from ancient times to modern times which includes Frank Lloyd Wright. It has some immense vocabulary words. Check it out

2230 words - 9 pages details and direct men through technology, transforming mental pictures into physical reality. While Le Corbusier designed living space that helped people live comfortably. However sometimes technology did not quite keep up with the design of the architecture. One such case is the Opera House in Sydney Australia. Joern Utzon designed an exotic structure in 1959, but was unable to fulfill his dream due to the inability of technology. The Opera House

kkkkkk Essay

2213 words - 9 pages western building tradition and systems as we can clearly see from the Neo-classical movement in many types of building and monuments. Later on, in the Modern time many of famous architects such as Mies Van Der Rohe or Le Corbusier are seem to be using the similar methods and systems but different materials and structure to create an elegance and memorable building just like the Parthenon, the greatest building of all times." Greek temple-type

farnsworth

2213 words - 9 pages western building tradition and systems as we can clearly see from the Neo-classical movement in many types of building and monuments. Later on, in the Modern time many of famous architects such as Mies Van Der Rohe or Le Corbusier are seem to be using the similar methods and systems but different materials and structure to create an elegance and memorable building just like the Parthenon, the greatest building of all times." Greek temple-type

The Idea of Space

1615 words - 6 pages especially in Barcelona pavilion. 2) Edwin Hoag, Joy Hoag. 1977. Masters of Modern Architecture: Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Mies Van Der Rohe, and Walter Gropius. indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. This book has helped me understand the meaning of space from famous architects that basically created modern movement. I will be referencing this book in my comparison argument between the space of these two buildings,Barcelona Pavalion and Robie

Life-timeline of Auguste Rodin

1702 words - 7 pages -Belleuse who returned to Paris.1873 33 years oldHe associated himself with the Belgian sculptor Antoine-Joseph Van Rasbourgh.1874 34 years oldWhile in Belgium, he participated in the decoration of the Palais des Académies in Brussels, painted a series of landscapes of the Soignes forest and made some lithographs to illustrate the satirical magazine Le Petit Comique.1875 35 years oldRodin travelled to Italy where he studied the work of

Italian Rationalism

2515 words - 10 pages . Indeed, the manifesto embraced a nationalist programme consistent with the cultural policies of the fascist regime.Echoing Le Corbusier, their manifesto announced the advent in Europe of the new spirit; it was distinguished by strict adherence to logic and rationality, a concern for rhythm and classical proportions and a sense of history as faith in the spirit of the age.The first installment discussed their concept of true modern architecture and

Brutalism in Art

1104 words - 4 pages flourished in the 50s, in Europe. The term comes from the French phrase Béton Brut which means “raw concrete”. The most well known early Brutalist Architecture work around the world is “Unité d’Habitation” by Le Corbusier. The post – World War II society used this as a method to build low-cost housing, shopping centers, and other public services. However, many architects chose this style even when having large budget, since they appreciated

Brutalism in Art

950 words - 4 pages from the French phrase Béton Brut which means "raw concrete". The most well known early Brutalist Architecture work around the world is "Unité d'Habitation" by Le Corbusier. The post - World War II society used this as a method to build low-cost housing, shopping centers, and other public services. However, many architects chose this style even when having large budget, since they appreciated the anti-bourgeois nature of style

Brutalism In Art

950 words - 4 pages from the French phrase Béton Brut which means "raw concrete". The most well known early Brutalist Architecture work around the world is "Unité d'Habitation" by Le Corbusier. The post - World War II society used this as a method to build low-cost housing, shopping centers, and other public services. However, many architects chose this style even when having large budget, since they appreciated the anti-bourgeois nature of style

National Identity

1704 words - 7 pages . Purity replaced playfulness and a mostly private architecture where architects and clients often shared taste and value came forward. In 1922 Mies Van der Rohe drew a design for a concrete office building [fig.2] which became the prototype for all office buildings for the next 40 years. The architectural formula as propagated by the high priests of the modernist movement such as Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius was

"Symbolic Space: French Enlightenment Architecture and Its Legacy" by Richard A. Etlin.

1914 words - 8 pages space, organized space based on social codes, and the multi-layered space of meaning within a particular place. Using this framework as a guide, Etlin concentrates on demonstrating the symbolic similarities of modern architects such as Cret, Wright, and Le Corbusier, with the theoretical works of visionaries such as Boullee and Ledoux.Etlin begins his work with the phrase, "The Eighteenth century saw radical changes in the world of architecture

Similar Essays

Le Corbusier Essay

2742 words - 11 pages influenced architects all over the world. He built the National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo (1960), the Carpenter Visual Art Center at Harvard University (1964), and designed an Exposition Pavilion in Zürich that was constructed posthumously (1964). Le Corbusier was not greatly impressed by his late recognition. He seemed to prefer the image of a solitary and persecuted genius. Nevertheless, he continued to conceive new projects until the end

The Use Of Reinforced Concrete In Modernism

3205 words - 13 pages easy to work with. “Ville Contemporaine was an imaginary place and utopian in its vision.” Ville Contemporaine was not the only vision Le Corbusier had in revisioning a city, the Plan Voisin and La Ville Radieuse were of the same thoughts. The closest Le Corbusier came to this was the Pavilion L’Esprit Nouveau, how one can solve the housing problem after the war. It was pretty much an apartment unit with a double height space and proper space

Mies Van Der Rhoes And Paul Rudolph

2723 words - 11 pages and Meis himself as one of his major architectural achievements. Unlike many of his peers of modernism Meis later work, like crown hall, showed that Meis' concepts on architecture were well grounded and embedded in his own philosophies, remaining relevant and timeless as per design. unlike the late works of Frank Lloyd Wright, gain in relevance with each fresh assertion of originality. And unlike the late works of Le Corbusier, they confirm

Transgression In Art And Architecture Essay

1625 words - 7 pages the Human at the Frontiers of Biomedicine By Susan Merrill Squier P174-177  Porn - Philosophy for Everyone: How to Think with Kink edited by Dave Monroe  Performance Art in China By Thomas J. Berghuis  Embodied Modernities: Corporeality, Representation, and Chinese Cultures Edited by Fran Martin, Larissa Heinrich  Space Calculated in Seconds: The Philips Pavilion, LeCorbusier, Edgard Varèse  Buildings for Music: The Architect, the