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Leaders As Motivators Essay

942 words - 4 pages

To be considered an effective leader one has to have the ability to prompt the group or team to obtain attain a quality level of work, productivity and some level of satisfaction in the job being done (Durbin, 2010, p. 98). Whether one is a natural “Problem Solver” or “Developer” type of leader, there is an underlying trait that all successful leaders seem to share; this is the ability to motivate or impel others to action. For example, the CEO of Coca-Cola Inc. Muhtar Kent , was once questioned if visiting stores and manufacturing facilities(as well as other stops along the supply chain) was considered prudent use of his time. Kent’s response was that it is time well spent if it helps to “motivate his employees” (Ignatius, 2011). Clearly Kent understood that motivation of his employees was an important component of the success of Coca Cola, Inc. Effective Motivators can use different motivational theories and strategies in the development of their skills in rallying employees to work at the highest level possible. These include Expectancy Theory, Goal Theory and Positive Reinforcement.
There are two main theories that can be used to understand action based on motivation, Expectancy Theory and Goal Theory (Durbin, 2010, p. 286). Both theories if understood can be used to increase quality of leadership and motivational skills at the managerial level. Expectancy Theory is a process type theory based on return on investment. In other words, if a worker expended a great effort for “X” amount of work, that worker will expect to be rewarded by how much effort they put into the task or project. What this theory signifies is that a person is most apt to volunteer for a project in which they feel they can “handle the most” and gives them the “biggest personal payoff” (Durbin, 2010, p. 286). A leader that wants to base their motivational strategies on the expectancy theory of motivation has to make address three elements of the motivational plan to ensure their prompts are successful. An expectancy theory motivator will need the person to believe they can perform the task requested of them. If they do not think they can do what is being asked of them then the doubt will outweigh any glimpse of motivation. As the motivator, you also have to make sure the reward is of value to that person. There is no motivation to work toward a prize that one does not desire. Last, the worker must truly believe that their work will be rewarded as the motivator promised. Once these three areas are addressed the leader can act as motivator to those that respond to this type of motivation strategy.
The second motivational theory is Goal Theory. Goal Theory is the rationale that behavior is based on and regulated by behavior and goals (Durbin, 2010, p. 290). Employee goal setting and action plans can be...

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