Leaders, Born Or Made? Essay

3372 words - 13 pages

What is leadership?There is probably no topic more important in business success today than leadership. The concept of leadership has been evolving over the decades as the needs of organizations and communities change. Leadership occurs among people (as it is usually refered to as a "people activity"), where it is used to achieve certain goals with the use of influence. What makes people follow a leader? What makes people go against some leaders while passionately following others to the end of their cause? What makes a successful and effective leader? Which automatically brings us to the basic question of "What is leadership" and "What makes a leader?"It was reported that there are around three hundred and fifty definitions of leadership that researchers have generated over the past 30 yearsHemphill (1949) concludes:"Leadership is the behavior of an individual who is involved in directing group activities."This definition, written by Hemphill, gives a broad meaning of leadership as he had summed up the basic idea and dynamics behind all leadership in this small sentence.In any organization, business enterprise, hospital, or maybe family, there has to be a leader that individuals look up to. Having the ability to influence and motivate others using special abilities and ideas, that will motivate and influence other individuals in the working place, which has a direct impact on the effectiveness and success of this group.Leadership can have a formal aspect , which only exists in organizations as a business leadership, where a normal employee can lead his fellow workers to better performance in the firm. This "special" employee is special because others have faith and trust in the personal abilities of this individual to point out the right paths.On the other hand, there is an informal aspect, which exists in relationship groups of individuals, where a group of people enjoy the presence of one another for mostly entertainment purposes or so. Within this group, the leader would be the person who connects the individuals together to form that group.The presence of a leader is always important in any group. The art of leadership is all about attracting and motivating workers, in order to help them put their talents to work on the path that leads to fulfilling organizational goals. The lack ofleaders in an organization with definately result in the inefficiency and ineffectives of employees, as they wouldn't have any one to guide them, to motivate them and influence them.As the French diplomat Talleyrand said:"I am more afraid of an army of 100 sheep led by a lion than an army of 100 lions led by a sheep." - French diplomat TalleyrandStyles Of LeadershipThere are three general styles of leadership. To be a successful, the leader has to follow all three styles instead of focusing on one.These styles are:- Autocratic: This style is all about the leader telling the employees what to do, and how to do it. The disadvantage of this style is the fact that...

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