"Leadership is a process where by an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal". (Northhouse.P.G, 2001)
Leadership is a process means that it is not a trait or characteristic that resides in the leader, but is a transactional event that occurs between the leader and his or her followers. Process implies that leader affects and is affected by followers.
Leadership involves influence; it is concered with how the leader affects followers. With influence,leadership does not exist.
Different theoris of leadership are
Leadership is a process rather than an event. As situations change, roles and behaviors of leaders and followers may also change. In defining leadership, students learn that respected leaders act ethically and model responsible behavior. Students work to understand that active leadership may involve personal and public risks and opportunities. While leadership demands no specific age, gender, ethnicity, religion, or political affiliation, students learn that these elements may influence an individual's leadership style.
Some people become leaders because they have or develop certain talents and dispositions, or because of their wealth, military might, or position. Others lead because they possess great minds and ideas or they tell compelling stories. And then there are people who stumble into leadership because of the times or circumstances in which they find themselves. No matter how people get to be leaders, no one is a leader without willing followers. Managers and generals can act like playground bullies and use their power and rank force to force their will on people, but this is coercion, not leadership. Leadership is not a person or a position. It is a complex moral relationship between people, based on trust, obligation, commitment, emotion, and a shared vision of the good.
There are different leadership theories and models. Without getting into a discussion about what leadership is, (a topic that can and should be discussed at length) it is sufficient to state that for the purpose of this paper leadership will be considered to be the art of influencing others in the manner desired by the leader. Under such a broad definition it is possible to assume that effective leadership may be dependent on the leader, the follower, the situation, or any combination of these factors.1
This paper has been organized according to which...