Leadership Essay

1085 words - 4 pages

1Leadershipu "Effective leaders are those with sufficient self-confidence to gather round them people who are better than they are and then let them get on with their job without interfering." Niall Fitzgerald, Chairman Reutersv "When a boss tells you to pick up a pig and walk, you pick it up and walk, and when he tells you to sit down and rest, you sit down. You do that right the way through the day. And what's more, no back talk." F W Taylor, Scientific Managerw "The leadership style common in many family businesses tends to create employees of marginal ability. Owners acting as "parents" tend to do things and make decisions for employees rather than forcing them to take the initiative." Quentin Fleming, Keep the family baggage out of the family businessx "Leadership is the activity of influencing people to cooperate towards goals and objectives which they come to find desirable." Ordway Tead, Educatory "A leader has got to have an ability to switch 360 degrees from strategic thinking to narrow operational focus when required." Tony Tahar, CEO, Anglo-AmericanQ 1. Identify and explain the three leadership styles referred to in quotations u, v and w.[6 marks]A1 . Quotation:u Laissez-faire - grants responsibility and authority to the group and lets staff act as they wish. Horizontal communication between peers. Group may drift as no direction is given by the leader. Often known as leadership by exception. Its success depends entirely upon the competence of the employees.(*)v Autocratic - leaders are authoritative; orders are imposed with no opportunity for employees to be involved in decision-making, which stifles initiative. Communication is one way. Success relies on the ability of the leader.w Paternalistic - "father like". This type of leader will ask for opinions of employees, but will then try to persuade them to accept his point of view. Acts in the best interest of his staff, but as he sees it. Explains decisions. "Soft autocratic."[6]Q2 . With reference to quotation x explain the importance of objectives in managing an organization.[3 marks]A2 . It is only with objectives that a firm can know where it is going, and measure its progress towards it. Objectives are medium-to-long targets that can give a sense of direction to a manager, department or whole organization. If a team is given a sense of common purpose, it becomes easier to coordinate actions and to create a team spirit.Business objectives are established so that the success or failure of the organisation can be judged and form the basis for decisions on strategy:• they clarify for everyone what the business is working to achieve• they aid decision-making and the choice of alternative strategies• they enable checks on progress• they provide the means by which performance can be measured• they provide a focus for individual roles in an organization• they can be broken down to provide targets for each part of the organization• they can be used to...

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