Leadership And Complex Adaptive Systems Essay

1710 words - 7 pages

Although current leadership theory emphasizes the distinction between transactional and transformational leadership, in fact, most leaders have a mixed profile of the full range of leadership styles. The best form of leadership is not only transformational or only transactional, but rather a combination of the two. However, in order to better understand each style's pros and cons, they have to be discussed in terms of similarities and differences. This cross-analysis will reveal further inquiry topics.Most leaders and followers find themselves in transactional relations - leaders engage in an exchange process with followers: jobs for votes for example. The leader rewards or punishes the follower on the basis of performance. The transforming leader is more effective, by looking for potential determination in followers, seeking to satisfy higher needs, and totally engaging the follower. The resulting relationship is mutually stimulating. This type of leadership has been considered to be superior, leading to higher efficiency. New systemic theories, however, show a slightly different perspective.Transformational leadership implies an engagement between actors, leaders motivating followers to out-perform their transactional agreement. Rubin, Muntz and Bummer (2005) identify seven conceptualizations of transformational leadership: articulating a vision of the future, encouraging group-oriented work, setting high expectations, challenging followers' thinking, supporting followers individual needs and acting as a role-model. All these issues have been analyzed separately in other papers.Transactional leadership, on the other hand, involves extrinsic motivations. Followers are either positively motivated by praise and reward or they are negatively motivated through threats or disciplinary actions. Performance is the only criteria taken into consideration in the case of transactional leadership. Everything is structured into activities, each characterized by a clear set of implicit or explicit rewards/punishments. Performance is monitored at all times. Management, in this case, can be either active, when followers' mistakes are corrected on the process, preventively, or passive, in which case the managers wait for followers' mistakes before taking corrective action.To sum up, no leader can be exclusively transformational or exclusively transactional. This is only a theoretical discourse meant to better emphasize the similarities and differences. In terms of leader's source of power, the main difference is that the transactional leader relies on rank/position, while the transformational leader trusts in character and competence. The first attitude leads to compliance, while the latter leads to commitment. Regarding the time-frame, transactional leadership is short-termed, whereas transformational leadership is oriented towards the long-haul. Both leaders offer rewards to the followers, but in the case of a transactional relationship these are contingent...

Find Another Essay On Leadership and complex adaptive systems

Leaders/Managers Essay

2130 words - 9 pages , where current knowledge or skills not sufficient for progress to be made are one the building blocks for adaptive change. Such actions or interventions are designed to do one thing to get and hold the attention of those who most need to be involved in the work of change. In this way intervention is a core leadership tool: one that needs to be and can be learned in order for those who choose to ex to do one thing to get and hold the attention of

Wht us a Systems Perspective? Essay

1243 words - 5 pages approach of focusing analysis in isolation for root causes, systems thinking perspective applies to the whole system, the feedback, interactions from all sources. Systems’ thinking allows managers to understand and develop adaptive behaviors in their approach to problem solving. Managers need to understand why and communicate how and why their chosen actions are necessary. It is common that most do not understand how their decisions and the

Leadership vs Management

1679 words - 7 pages , Peoples Trading Centre has shown that courage is a key leadership issue because it leads to challenging the status quo. Thereafter an organisation is able to embrace change, and eventually became adaptive. The need to focus on leadership can be traced back to the 1940’s 50’s and 60s when the systems and contingency theories were developed (Cole 2004). With systems, firstly, comes the issue of an ever changing environment. Leadership challenges

A theoretical Philosophy of Leadership

2259 words - 9 pages ). Complexity leadership theory: An interactive perspective on leading in complex adaptive systems. Emergence: Complexity & Organization, 8(4), 2-12. Northouse, P.G. (2010). Leadership: Theory and Practice. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA. Sage Publications. Oberfield, Z. W. (2014). Public Management in Time: A Longitudinal Examination of the Full Range of Leadership Theory. Journal Of Public Administration Research & Theory, 24(2), 407-429. Pearce, C

Discussion Paper: "Surprise, Surprise, Surprise! A Complexity Science View of the Unexpected"

1313 words - 5 pages IntroductionTraditionally it has been thought that "surprises can and should be avoided with more knowledge, better planning, and / or better systems design". While some surprises can be avoided as a result of the above mentioned measures, the authors argue that surprise is inherent in complex systems and thus cannot be avoided entirely. Furthermore, since surprises are a natural part of complex adaptive systems, they should be embraced as

The Immune System

1600 words - 7 pages The immune system is a fascinating structure it defends the body against foreign invaders like bacteria, viruses and parasites. There are two primary forms that make up the immune system they are, innate and adaptive systems. Both the innate and adaptive system plays a large role in the immune system. The innate is the primary system to defend against foreign materials and the adaptive is the secondary system that responds to specific issues


755 words - 4 pages placed new demands on how leaders interact with their people. More distributed view of leadership is in the rise, thus shifting the focus from the traditional single leader to an intricate and complex web of leaders who possess a range of abilities and experiences necessary to ensure that the leadership function is carried out to the benefit of the wider organisation. Kets de Vriers and Korotov further elaborate that the best approach to

A Theoretical Philosophy of Leadership

2487 words - 10 pages , Feng, G., & English, J. (1972). Tao Te Ching. New York: Vintage Books. Lee, B. (1975). Tao of Jeet Kune Do. Burbank, CA: Ohara Publications. Merriam-Webster Online. (2014). Merriam-Webster Incorporated. Lichtenstein, B. B., Uhl-Bien, M., Marion, R., Seers, A., Orton, J., & Schreiber, C. (2006). Complexity leadership theory: An interactive perspective on leading in complex adaptive systems. Emergence: Complexity & Organization, 8(4), 2-12

Implementation of Efficient Channel Estimation Method

2305 words - 9 pages ,Vol A 34 August 1986 B. Subudhi, P.K. Ray ,S. Ghosh”Variable leaky least mean square algorithm based power system frequency estimation” IET Science, Measurement and Technology 10 January 2012 ThomosHesketh,RodrigoC,deLamare “Adaptive MMSE channel estimation algorithm for MIMO systems” European Wireless 2012,April 18-20 2012 Poznan Poland. Manushree Bhardwaj, ArunGangwar, DevendraSoni “A Review on OFDM: Concept, Scope & its Applications” IOSR

Learning Organizations in a Global Environment

1311 words - 5 pages globally practicing and at all levels. Because corporate culture is so intensely set in many organizations, promoting global change becomes complex and staff members often challenge or resent such changes. Organizations need to not only develop and offer new services or product line, they need the capability to have creative solutions to challenges and problems, and members within the organization need to possess the experience and knowledge

The Culture in Top-performing Corporations

1249 words - 5 pages clear and lacked the importance of sub-cultures. There is however evidence that adaptive cultures are beneficial towards long term performance (Lim, 1995) and it is proven that a motivated workforce is a positive driver towards better company performance (Nohria et al., 2008). The role of leadership towards corporate culture is of great importance. although it is agreed that in mature companies leadership`s direct influence is less, it is only

Similar Essays

A Cross Layer Adaptive Modulation And Coding Scheme For Realistic Ofdma Based Systems

2615 words - 10 pages A Cross-Layer Adaptive Modulation and Coding Scheme for realistic OFDMA-based Systems Abstract—In this letter, we investigate Adaptive Modulation and Coding schemes (AMC) in fast mobility environment with realistic conditions. We argue that feedback Channel State Information (CSI) are outdated and suffer estimation errors for most mobile channels especially fast users. Therefore, ignoring such conditions in AMC scheme design can be

Leadership And Management In Healthcare Systems

1416 words - 6 pages Healthcare Systems Module 3 1. What are the legal ramifications of this case? Legally, there are elements of malpractice in this case. Negligence, or omission to do something a reasonable person would do, is evident by the supervisor, the nurse, and the LVN (Marquis & Huston, 2012). With this incident, there was not simply a failure to meet standard level of care, but there was injury to the patient since complications arose from the

Effective Leadership, Ethics In Decision Making, And The Systems Approach

1138 words - 5 pages Organization? Retrieved from Harvard Business Review: http://hbr.org/2008/03/is-yours-a-learning-organization/ar/1 Laurie, D. L., & Heifetz, R. A. (2003). The Leader as Teacher: Creating the Learning Organization . Retrieved from Ivey Business Journal: http://iveybusinessjournal.com/topics/leadership/the-leader-as-teacher-creating-the-learning-organization#.UpYBV-JHySo Ramo, S. P., & St.Clair, R. K. (1998). THE SYSTEMS APPROACH: Fresh Solutions to Complex

Adaptive Management Essay

865 words - 3 pages Adaptive ManagementAdaptive Management is a policy framework designed to utilize scientific information in formulating and improving management strategies of complex systems. Adaptive management helps policymakers and managers learn from programs so they can take systematic action to continually improve management policies. This process involves changing assumptions and interventions in order to better respond to new information. Ultimately