Leadership And Constitutionality In Times Of War

1844 words - 7 pages

Leadership and Constitutionality In Times of War

In times of crisis, nations look to leaders who will protect them from the dangers they fear. The United States has seen multiple wars and lived them out under multiple leaders, each of which had varying policies for protecting the American citizens from enemies, both foreign and domestic. Today we find ourselves asking how our present leader will protect the American citizens from outside terrorists, and wondering how previous leaders would react to the current situation. Some of the greatest and most revered presidents found themselves in the same situation we find ourselves today: where to draw the line between constitutionality and the safety of the American public. A closer look at three past presidents offers three different experiences with wartime policy and the preservation of civil rights in times of national emergency.

The Father who Never Forgot: Madison’s Wartime Policy

It would be impossible to say that James Madison ever forgot his writings of 1787. The Constitution would be forever engraved on his mind, the reminder of a shared vision between leaders who held history in the palms of their hands and shaped it into a fair and just Republic. Madison, as author of the document defining that very vision, shaped his own life and political policy to constantly mirror that vision. Of all the
presidents of the United States, Madison was most likely the one who remained most loyal to the Constitution. Even in times of war, when other presidents would take further executive measures (as they were allowed,) Madison was reluctant to jeopardize his citizen’s civil rights. Madison’s wartime policy clearly reflects a leader dedicated to the Constitution and its preservation of American civil rights.

The most dramatic conflict during Madison’s presidency was the War of 1812. As Great Britain imposed more restrictions on sea trade and Napoleon announced a blockade of Great Britain, the United States found itself stuck between two European megaliths, each of which it was closely tied to. Although the United States tried to remain neutral through several acts (the Non-Importation Act and later the Non-Intercourse Act) it soon became apparent that America could not stay out of a war so central to our nation.1

Madison was not a proponent of war, for he believed that wartime policy infringed on a citizen’s guarantee of basic civil rights, especially those afforded by the First and Second Amendments of the Bill of Rights. Infringement on these rights detracted from the freedom that he and his co-founders had worked so hard to instill in the form of a Republic. Yet as little as Madison advocated war, he advocated English interference in America even less. Madison viewed this “second struggle for liberty” as the chance to sever ties with Great Britain once and for all. 2

Luckily for Madison, a group of aggressive and motivated young politicians was now setting Congress afire with...

Find Another Essay On Leadership and Constitutionality In Times of War

The Peloponnesian War and the Decline of Leadership in Athens

3366 words - 13 pages The Peloponnesian War and the Decline of Leadership in Athens Thucydides set out to narrate the events of what he believed would be a great war—one requiring great power amassed on both sides and great states to carry out. Greatness, for Thucydides, was measured most fundamentally in capital and military strength, but his history delves into almost every aspect of the war, including, quite prominently, its leaders. In Athens especially

Drums and Drummer Boys During Times of War

2208 words - 9 pages in the very back of the battlefield, Civil war battlefields were very dangerous. Some drummer boys were wounded and even killed during the Civil war. Charley King who was a drummer for the 49th Pennsylvania regiment died after being wounded during the battle of Antietam. Charley King was only thirteen years old when he died from combat. The topic of this paper is drums and drummer boys during times of war. Drummer boys played a very important

The Media During Times of War

708 words - 3 pages The Media During Times of War The media has always tried to keep us as informed as possible on the events around us. Recently with the war in Iraq, the media has been doing what they can to keep all of us back at home aware of what’s happening. Some people feel that the amount of coverage given is “Un-American” while others think that the media is just doing what ever George W. Bush wants. The media has done only

Media Portrayal of Gender and Cultural Stereotypes During World War II and Current Times

1728 words - 7 pages When you think of American history, do you think of war, slavery, or segregation? Something that these have in common is gender equality. Gender equality is something that has been an issue in America since the first day it was inhabited. This is a problem in America. A more particular time period would be, World War II. During this time, women were being used to do men’s jobs and duties but, they still had to have a feminine aspect to them

Constitutionality of Same Sex Marriage (Homosexual Marriage) in the United States

2691 words - 11 pages The proposed legalization of same-sex marriage is one of the most significant issues in contemporary American family law. Presently, it is one of the most vigorously advocated reforms discussed in law reviews, one of the most explosive political questions facing lawmakers, and one of the most provocative issues emerging before American courts. If same-sex marriage is legalized, it could be one of the most revolutionary policy decisions in the

The Role of Greek Gods and Goddesses in Ancient Times

1250 words - 5 pages The Role of Greek Gods and Goddesses in Ancient Times With all of the interesting aspects of the Odyssey, I am only going to touch on one of them. The gods and goddesses in the Odyssey of all of the deities mentioned I am only going to focus on a few. The first and most powerful of these is Zeus. Then we have Hermes, the messenger god. Last but not least of these would be Athena, the goddess of warriors. Zeus, Ruler of the gods. "Zeus

Women's Roles During Times of War and Virginia Woolf's Three Guineas

2911 words - 12 pages Women's Roles During Times of War and Virginia Woolf's Three Guineas With the prevalence of war goddesses in most traditions from China to Greece to Ireland, women have been separated from the front lines of war for centuries. The goddesses, the divine representations of women in the ideal, are torn between dual roles: that of Minerva, the goddess of wisdom and just war, and that of Vesta, goddess of hearth and home. These two roles

Contrast of arts role in ancient and modern times.

550 words - 2 pages Whether created in ancient or modern times, art is created to convey a message. Images, structures, and music have been, and continue to be, produced to communicate emotion, knowledge, or any number of expressions. The type of art a civilization generates and how the medium influences society is largely influenced by its environment and the ideas of the age. With this in mind I will contrast the role of art in the present day with its function

Voices of Women in India: Vedic Times and Now

2797 words - 11 pages Using Lopamudra, women today can see how strong a women in a Vedic family could be and how society needed stronger women in a time when women were suppressed by a lack of property and were held to a high standard of honor. The hymn is found is found in the first Appendix of the RigVeda and includes Lopamudra, Agastya, and a poet who wrote it all down. Lopamudra: For many autumns I have toiled, night and day, and each dawn has brought old age

Success in times of paradox

2045 words - 8 pages beautiful picture can be drawn on pure white paper -- "Skip" on technology Science is the common wealth of human being, the developing countries don*t have to build up from nothing. We can step into the first class directly by taking the existing technology.Take Japan for example. After World War ' , she stands up from ruins and almost in no time, it becomes a shining star. Which way did she take? The best in the world.China now has a good

Management in times of change

1990 words - 8 pages and notamidst chaos.Management in times of change implies a completely new world view. Subjective view onhow managers should face reality will be presented here using the division borrowed fromphilosophy. First it needs to be clear what the world and the environment of business activityis - management's ontology. Second it will be presented how managers should see theiremployees, partners and customers and what is their organizations' reality

Similar Essays

The Constitutionality Of Separation Of Church And State, Freedom Of Speech, And The First Amendment In Times Of War

1868 words - 7 pages the public (Sanford 95). Schroeder argues that the laws suppressing free speech against anarchists, socialists, immigrants, etc., violates the Bill of Rights and endangers civil liberties (Schroeder 69). Power to restrict speech is greater during times of war, instead of peace because war opens a window for danger through war advocacy (Holmes, “Political” 82). Lack of free speech will almost always result in some kind of violence or destruction

Cruelty In Times Of War Essay

1318 words - 5 pages people treating others with incredible cruelty. Clearly, it is indisputable that macro-social events can completely transform some interactions between individuals. A reason for this may be that during times of war social norms, statuses, and identities are lost or transformed. The degradation of social norms is illustrated in Kenan’s story where neighbors threaten each other and coaches betray their own students. The norms that neighbors should be

The Constitutionality Of Prayer In Public Schools

751 words - 3 pages agreement between the school and the state and making a public school hold a formal prayer would violate this because public schools are funded and run by the state. Public schools are not allowed to hold prayer at all because of the mixed religions that are present in the schools. It is hard from stopping people from prayer because some people are extremely devoted to their religion and they follow strict guidelines to their religion. One major

The Life And Times Of War Leaders

1511 words - 6 pages Out of the many great and famous leaders of the world, two important men are universal household names. Winston Churchill, through his bravery and calm during World War II, achieved world renowned honor. President George W. Bush’s poor handling of the Middle Eastern wars and conflicts, however, left a bitter taste in the global community’s mouth. Though British Prime Minister The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill and President George W