Leadership and Teams
Working groups and work teams are important tools for businesses to use during the decision making process. A lot goes into the formation and leadership of a work team so they will have a beneficial outcome. Through the formation of a work team, a business will is able to utilize the resources of their employee’s skills and leadership experience to gain an outcome of a workable solution to solve complex ideas or improve efficiency. This may sound like a simple concept, but one should explore everything that goes into the formation of a team as well as the leadership theory that is used to lead the team, to ultimately understand just how complex this situation really can be.
Before a group can start to function for its desired purpose, the group must first be formed. Team membership is selected to ensure sufficient breadth and depth of technical skills (Fitzpatrick, 2000). During the forming stage the group defines its purpose structure and leadership. It is during this process that the group is loosely organized and lacks a sense of direction and leadership. After the group has been formed, the group will go through a storming phase in which the uncertainty of the group is dealt with, by selecting leaders and clearly describing what the group needs to be doing. It is during this time that a hierarchy of leadership is defines and through this act the group settles down and allows for the next stage to take place. Consequently, the norming stage begins and during this stage the group starts to form relationships and cohesion between the group members thus allowing the group to assimilate itself into a normal state of operation. Once the group has been normalized and the leadership takes control, the group can start performing the task it was formed to accomplish. This is called the performing stage. It is during this time period that the work actually takes place. Of all the stages, this is the main reason for the group to exist and it is during this stage that the organization is expecting the work to be performed. Once the work or task is performed the team will be disbanded. Therefore, the last stage is called adjourning, because it is at this time that the group has served its purpose and the team formation no longer needs to operate. The effectiveness of the scenario is greatly influenced by several factors one of which is the group behavior.
Group behavior plays a critical role in the effectiveness of a team. Understanding the roles of the participants is important to the behavior of the group. Without an understanding of the roles of the different team members, some of the team may have different expectations of the positions within the team. This situation is a breakdown of communication that can cause failure in the team cohesion. A situation like this can be combated by establishing team norms in relation to effort and performance. Consequently, team norms consist of more than just effort and...