Leadership and Teams
Leading teams today is a unique opportunity. Interaction between managers and employees has changed so much over the last few decades (Robbins, Decenzo, & Coulter, 2013). Leaders of the past used an autocratic theory, meaning that employees did was their boss asked and did not question why. The employee did not participate in any decisions or give any input to new ideas. The leaders of today understand that if they want to maximize their employee’s performance they must be a leader that influences their employee. It is a different relationship of the past.
Real leadership of today is about transforming the system (Denning, 2012). How do you get what you need from your staff to make your business successful? It is about influence and transformation. Leadership is being able to stand up to the norms and take a stand. It is not always easy nor is it always the most popular thing to do. It can prove to be lonely. Launching leadership from the past the Michigan study demonstrated that a leaders behavior of focus on the job and the employee are essential to be an effective leader (Robbins, Decenzo, & Coulter, 2013).
Looking at the Leader-member (LMX) theory tells us that there are specific groups that are the favorites of a leader and are considered, an ‘in-group’. The ‘in-group’ have better performance ratings, less turnover and enjoy their positions. Conversely there are ‘out-groups’ that have been designated by the leader as well. The ‘in-group’ will have many similarities to the leader, as in demographics, attitude, gender etc. Leaders using this style also invest more in the team members that they feel are higher performers.
The charismatic leader is one that easily influences a team. The team likes their leader’s personality and charisma; therefore, the team wants to perform well. Studies have shown that the charismatic leaders have five characteristics that dive this: The have a vision, and are able to communicate this vision, they are risk takers, and are sensitivity to the environmental obstacles and their team member’s needs or their traits that are unique. Staff will have a connection to this type of a leader and want to perform so that they are recognized as outstanding performers. They have an obligation to this leader and want the leader to be successful.
Whether a leader can be trained to be charismatic is open for debate. Some experts feel it can be a learned behavior, but a few feel it must be a trait one is born with. Researchers have worked with some students to train charismatic behavior. Some of the items they teach are to communicate goals, expectations, how to display power, and confidence. The tone of their voice was also important; it should be magnetic...