Leadership, Gendercomparison Essay

1497 words - 6 pages

Leadership Styles and gender perceptions
Leadership as described by Griffin, (2002) is a complex discipline that appraises the evolution of leadership models from trait theories, behaviourist theories, situational leadership, contingency theory up to modern leadership style trends of transactional and transformational leadership. Burn’s (1978) view is the preferred and more effective style is transformational leadership which is considered to be more suited to the leadership style and natural disposition of females. As innovative companies require a more collaborative team based approach, is there a correlation therefore between Burn’s (1978) view of female inclination towards new trend, ...view middle of the document...

At the height of its popularity, Trait leadership theory was seen as a male domain. Socially and culturally, women were not perceived as having these qualities and therefore not leadership material. This was reflected in the low numbers of women having any significant senior management role either in business or the public sector during this period. This perception changed during World War Two as women had to take on senior leadership roles in all walks of life particularly in Europe and the USA. After World War 2 (WW 2) women began to see themselves as citizens with a voice who wanted greater responsibility in different walks of life. Despite this, according to the Grant Thornton IBR Report (2013), only 21% of women in Ireland currently hold senior management positions and it is even lower in the UK (19%) and the USA (20%). Evidently this pattern is continuing to exist. Today far more women are entering business and professions with ambition to succeed and a desire to play a key role in their chosen field. A further examination of other leadership models might shed some light on this issue.

Situational Leadership Theory

Research on situational factors remains limited with results being difficult to interpret due to the confusion with different aspects of the situation. Still, according to studies by Fry, Kerr, and Lee (1988) and Hammer and Turk (1987) as cited in Yukl (1989) there is evidence that leader behaviour is strongly influenced by the situation. Situational Leadership theory developed by Hersey and Blanchard (1977) focuses on the leader in a given situation. Effectiveness is contingent on adapting style of leadership to the details of the task. The situational approach emphasises the importance of matching leadership style exercised to the maturity of the group being led. The leader has a directive and supportive role to apply appropriately. Ultimately different situations demand different kinds of leadership with no single best universal style instead leaders ascertain individuals/followers approach to tasks regarding knowledge, skills, abilities, motivation and commitment. Therefore, it is incumbent that good leaders diagnose development of individual and use appropriate style to either, support, coach, direct or delegate given the situation.
Typically leadership is thought of in terms of two opposing styles; McGregor’s Theory X authoritarian or Theory Y democratic (Vecchio, 2000). Situational Leadership challenges this view point of being one or the other. Success lies in the ability of the leader to form a partnership, building a two way relationship between leader and team members and adapting to the specific needs of the situation (Price, 2011).
As the title of this model suggests, context and culture also play a role in defining the situational needs and leadership requirements in an organisation at any particular period. Initially therefore, one might think that this model would always seek out the best...

Find Another Essay On leadership, gendercomparison

Psychological Egoism Theory Essay

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages classroom. These sessions encourage general education and special education teacher to plan lessons, activities, and demonstrate co-teaching models. For instance, parallel teaching and alternate teaching in the classroom. The annual evaluation involves student growth and professional growth goals to be presented at the end of the year. Recommendation for Change and Improvement Matching Supervision with Staff Needs Leadership styles, such as

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1073 words - 4 pages Usually when someone hears the word “lottery” the first thing that comes to mind is a large sum of cash that people compete against highly impractical odds to win. Shirley Jackson’s story The Lottery might imply a similar conception based on the title alone, but the story is filled with unknowns never revealing exactly when and where the story takes place, or why the lottery exists; even what the lottery is isn’t revealed until the very end. Yet

Lightning

1857 words - 7 pages INTRODUCTION I remember when I was a young child; I would always be scared whenever there was a severe storm outside that included thunder and lightning. This was especially true in the hours of darkness, when you could really see the lightning. As I grew older this so-called fear of lightning turned into a fascination for this weather phenomena. One of my most vivid memories of lightning as a young man was when I was flying to Florida, the

Maryland's Ecology and Environment

1130 words - 5 pages Maryland is the 42nd largest state, making it one of the smaller states in America. It is located in the South Atlantic region on the United States eastern seaboard. Prince George's is one of twenty four counties in Maryland. It is also the geographic center of the state. Maryland has a varied climate. The state is home to a variety of different ecosystems. This is also true of Maryland’s environment, which has the Atlantic Ocean on

Similar Essays

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

Phase Diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work Of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought In New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain