Leadership In Asia Essay

8674 words - 35 pages

AbstractIn recent months, global events have brought about renewed interest in the causes, effects and implications of globalization. The perspectives that people of different nations and cultures bring to such debates can shape much of this examination. Certainly in the United States, and in many other Western cultures, citizens have taken a fast course in the possible meanings of globalization (and its corollary concepts of governance, ethnicity, religion and societal values). Interestingly, while the popular press and many researchers have hinted at the challenges associated with attempting to define and then achieve a global society, much of their attention has been focused on macro concepts such as the nature and role of domestic and international institutions. Nations, government and non-government organizations as well as international institutions have featured prominently in this debate but, with few personality-biased exceptions, little has been said about the people who lead these entities.While we support investigation of the evolving roles of nations and institutions, we feel that placing emphasis exclusively at the organizational level leaves an analysis of globalization incomplete. We suggest that any thorough examination of the challenges that emerge from attempts to form a global society must include a survey of the collective (but diverse) expectations of global citizens on a full range of issues. To this end, both individual citizens as well as those who act as their representatives must figure into the global equation. In particular, we feel it is important to consider in the context of globalization the beliefs, behaviors and attributes of individuals who lead national and international institutions. The role and function of leadership, we contend, shapes policy, determines institutional direction, negotiates privilege and access and, as such, should be of interest to the conversation on globalization. Of interest to us is the notion of leadership at two levels. First, we seek a definition. What is leadership? Does it truly exist? Second, we are keen to know whether or not (and how) culture impacts perspectives of leadership?In an attempt to understand these complex questions more clearly, this paper examines the four main streams of Western leadership research in terms organization theory which we consider alongside the historical teachings of Eastern leadership philosophies in an effort to determine whether or not leadership is real, whether or not reality is affected by race, culture, or nationality and how (or if) leadership might influence efforts to achieve a global society.It is time for a new generation of leadership, to cope with new problems and new opportunities. For there is a new world to be won.John F. KennedyTelevision Address, 04 July 1960Globalization is changing not only the requirements for national and corporate governance but also the expectations placed on government as well as business...

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