Leadership has been described as "a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task", however there are alternative definitions of leadership. Leadership is a major way in which people change the minds of others and move organizations forward to accomplish identified goals. According to Fry et al (2004) stated that, “leaders must exhibit high levels of courage with a willingness to listen to others in order to collect and analyze information”.
Second, if there is a leader there must be followers. Behavioral theories of leadership are classified as such because they focus on the study of specific behaviors of a leader. For behavioral theorists, a leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success.
In the Innovators DNA, disruptive and innovative leadership is essential for progress and growth. In Dyer’s research, the use of real world examples of great companies such as Apple where their motto is to “think differently” which is what disruptive DNA portray (Dyer, et. al, 2011). According to Doyle and Smith in their article “classical leadership”, basically there have been four main ‘generations’ of theory which are trait theories, behavioral theories, contingency theories, and transformational theories. The most common leadership theories include:
The Great Man Theory is where theorists continue to argue whether a leader has a natural ability to lead or if they are molded into leadership through extensive training and developmental procedures. I believe that individuals can be transformed into leaders’ however; this conversion does not guarantee good effective leadership. “Leaders must exhibit high levels of courage with a willingness to listen to others in order to collect and analyze information” (Fry, 2004).
Trait theory is the theory that a leader can be either born or made if they are made with certain qualities such as intelligence, responsibilities, and ethics.
Behavioral theory leaders are categorized by task and people. There are some leaders who prioritize tasks and strive to meet deadlines and then there are some leaders that are mostly concerned with motivating people and building relationships with people. Leaders who establish relationships with people are most likely to have a strong workforce in which case employees will be more receptive to an interpersonal style of leadership. Employees will feel as though they are valued as opposed to a leader who is task oriented. Although a task-oriented leader isn’t a bad character trait it would benefit a leader as well as the organization if there were a balance between the two.
Contingency theory is a form of situational leadership in which case a leader relies on the consensus of the...