This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Leadership On Apollo 13 Essay

1023 words - 4 pages

Eugene Kranz Returns Apollo 13 to Earth

Case Study #1

Eugene Kranz Returns Apollo 13 to Earth

On April 13, 1970, NASA's Mission Control heard the five words that no control center ever wants to hear: "We've got a problem here." Jack Swigert, an astronaut aboard the Apollo 13 aircraft, reported the problem of broken down oxygen tanks to the Houston Control Center, less than two days after its takeoff on April 11th. Those at the Control Center in Houston were unsure what had happened to the spacecraft, but knew that some sort of explosion had occurred. This so-called explosion sent Apollo 13 spinning away from the Earth at 2,000 miles per hour, 75 percent of the way to the moon. In order to get the astronauts back to the Earth's atmosphere would be to utilize the moon's gravitational pull and send them back towards home, like a slingshot. However, this procedure would require three days, and this demanded more oxygen and electricity than the crew had available to them. Eugene "Gene" Kranz, head of this flight mission, although looking on in horror, began thinking of solutions to the problem immediately after the Controls were aware of the problem on board. Knowing that the options of refueling the spacecraft with oxygen or retrieve the astronauts himself, he needed to think of a strategy for a safe return. In this sense, if his solution fails, it could result in the biggest catastrophe in NASA history.

There were dozens of people ready on the ground to assist this cause in whatever way possible, but no one helped this mission survive like Eugene "Gene" Kranz, especially that all final call decisions were in his hands. However, this also gave him the ability to break or bend the rules if necessary, whatever it takes to get them home safely. And that is just what Kranz did. Not long after, the astronauts reported one empty oxygen tank, only one out of three cells generating electricity, and two panels supplying power to the entire spacecraft were losing voltage. As if this was not bad enough, there was more disparaging news: a cloud of some sort was floating above the spacecraft, leading to the assumption that an oxygen tank exploded.

Kranz's first correct move was assuring the crew that everything would turn out alright and to keep their cool. If anyone started completely panicking, it would not help the mission be successful. After comforting everyone, he immediately moved to the second task: how to get the astronauts home safely. He also avoided error and speculation through self-discipline and thoroughness.

At this point, there was enough oxygen in the second system to get the astronauts home safely, but Lovell, one of the astronauts, noticed that the psi (pounds per square inch) level on the pressure gauge for the second system was falling as well. It should normally register at 860, now it was only a 300, only 53 minutes after the initial explosion. At this pace, the spacecraft would...

Find Another Essay On Leadership on Apollo 13

Apollo 13 Essay

532 words - 2 pages Apollo 13 Questions 1.I’d first have to say that the head of mission control on the ground was definitely important in the salvaging of Apollo 13. He was faced with problem after problem yet he kept a somewhat level head through all of it and managed the engineers and other people involved back at Houston very well. Jim Lovell’s piloting skills played a rold in the crew’s survival as well. When he had to set the ship’s course for Earth

Apollo 13 Essay

895 words - 4 pages Apollo 13 Apollo 13 launched on April 11, 1970 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The crewmembers aboard the ship were James A. Lovell Jr., John L. Swigert Jr., and Fred W. Haise, Jr. Before the launch, there had been a few problems. Thomas K. Mattingly was supposed to fly on the Apollo 13 but he was exposed to the measles. He didn’t have the antibodies to fight the disease, causing him to not be able to go into space. Swigert took his

Jim Lovell's Climb to the Stars

2515 words - 10 pages Aldrin landed on the moon. By the 1970s traveling to the moon almost seemed "routine". But in April 1970 America was shocked when Jim Lovell radioed to mission control almost 200,000 miles from earth, "Houston, we have a problem." A major malfunction had crippled the Apollo 13 spacecraft, and Lovell and his crew worked together to survive. Jim Lovell is most widely known for his heroic efforts to save Apollo 13, but he also made important

Effects of the Moon Walk

1745 words - 7 pages space race response was because they did not want to fall under the superiority of Russia. From there the United States and Soviet Union fought back and forth on who would reach the moon first. After Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, orbited the Earth once President Kennedy made his speech announcing his goal for the United States. That goal, to the surprise of many people, was completed. Although the Apollo 11 moon landing

my father essay

631 words - 3 pages Apollo 13 directed by Ron Howard is the story of the real space mission that took place in 1969. The three astronauts had always dreamed of landing on the moon but not long after the astronauts launched into space did they realize that the task would be near impossible due to an explosion of an oxygen tank. Getting home safe became their next mission. A character in this film from whom I learned something is Gene Kranz played by Ed Harris. I

The Apollo Program

2212 words - 9 pages Project Apollo (Apollo Program) It was May 25 1961, tensions from the Cold War were rising and on this day, President John F. Kennedy promised Americans that an American would walk on the moon by the close of the decade. This promise led to the creation of the Apollo program, with the sole mission of landing an American on the moon. Immediately after JFK’s speech at Rice Stadium, he had gained immense support from the American people and

Space Suits

1117 words - 5 pages Throughout the many space discoveries, science has played a major role for its findings; without doubt, science has also contributed for the creation of the Apollo 11 mission space suits which successfully allowed astronauts to fly and moon walk on the moon for the first time in history. This lunar suit was created to handle extreme temperatures, radiation, and provide oxygen and water to the astronauts while they were conducting extra

The Eagle has Landed: The Journey of the Apollo Mission

1235 words - 5 pages , develop man’s capability to work in the lunar environment, and to promote nationalism and achieve preeminence in space for the United States. The early missions of Project Apollo were mostly dedicated to the establishment and advancement of technology to meet America’s national interests in space. Apollo missions 1 through 10 were focused on building and testing the Command Module (CM), Service Module (SM), and Lunar Module (LM). Altogether the

The “Successful Failure” That Was Apollo 13

1670 words - 7 pages The “Successful Failure” That Was Apollo 13 Shortly after Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed and walked successfully on the Moon for the first time in history, another lunar mission almost ended in disaster without the valor and strong leadership it took to get three men back to Earth. Jim Lovell (played by Tom Hanks), Jack Swiggert (played by Kevin Bacon), and Fred Haise (played by Bill Paxton) blasted off on the Apollo 13 mission on April

Prejudice and Discrimination in Bosnia

1103 words - 4 pages of interest to you.References"Not Ethnicity, but Religion, Fuels Balkan Fury.(Editorial Desk)(Letter to the editor)." The New York Times (May 13, 1993): NA. General OneFile. Gale. Apollo Library. 25 Jan. 2009.A Dictionary of World History. Oxford University Press, 2000. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Apollo Group. 25 January 2009 Okwudiba Nnoli "Ethnicity" The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World, 2e. Joel Krieger, ed

Mercury And Apollo Space Projects

1424 words - 6 pages successful, except for the severe cold contracted by Schirra while in orbit. On December 21, 1968, Apollo 8 was launched with astronauts Jim Lovell, Frank Borman, and William Anders on board. The crew returned safely to Earth on December 27. Apollo 9 launched on March 3, 1969 and returned on March 13. Apollo 10 was a final rehearsal for the moon landing. If it was successful, humans would land on the moon in July 1969. Tom Stafford, John Young

Similar Essays

A Successful Failure In Apollo 13 Project

1005 words - 5 pages things in perspective, Apollo program was established in July 1960 by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). As it is normal the case, there were failures with the program in the beginning, below is the list of the missions that preceded Apollo 13: • Apollo 1, launched on 27 January 1967 – during pre-launch there was an on-board fire that killed the crew. • Apollo 7 (Second Mission), which was launch on 11 October 2068 – which

Apollo Research Essay

924 words - 4 pages My research paper will investigate the Greek God Apollo. The reason I chose Apollo was I have never had a chance to look into other Gods or Goddess’ other than Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. The next seven paragraphs are paraphrased depictions, stories and relational information directly related to the god Apollo The information was compiled by author: Atsma, Aaron J., on the website: Theoi Project Copyright © 2000 – 2011. 12 May 2014

A Sociological Analysis Of Ron Howards Apollo 13

1742 words - 7 pages rescue of the Apollo 13 crew really showed traits similar to those found in any three of the major sociological perspectives: functionalist, symbolic interactionism, and conflict. On one hand, it can be seen that NASA is a large structure formed of many smaller structures that keep is going. The government funds NASA, NASA hires crew to build and fly the ships and the different crews do their separate parts to come together as a whole and make it

The Apollo Moon Missions Essay

1931 words - 8 pages dollars to reach this point. The Apollo Missions’ accidents, successes, and space leadership have drastically changed America’s space program. On the 25th of May, President Kennedy shocked the nation with his historical speech to put an American on the moon before the decade was out. “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard!” Kennedy announced. In the rest of his