There are many books on military strategy and ways to win wars or battles in the world. Every book, manuscript, poem, song or play written on winning wars in the world has a history. In this case study, I will address the 'Art of War' written by Sun Tzu as it is regarded as one of the best and most successful documentation of military strategies. I will also compare and contrast Sun Tzu’s leadership strategies as compared to and contrasted with those of great military leaders throughout history; to include experience with past and present military leaders.
We cannot be able to discuss the principal statement well without going back to the start of the Sun Tzu’s battles between the states of Wu and Chu around 500 BC. Sun Tzu depicts three key principals in the art of war; 1. Know your enemy and yourself and in 100 battles you will never be in peril; 2. To win 100 battles is not the height of skill- to subdue the enemy without fighting is; and 3. Avoid what is strong. Attack what is weak; and he also lists 13 chapters in his book.
1. “If the orders are unclear, it is the fault of the General” “maintain momentum” During the Invasion of Iraq on March 2003 the Americans forces won a swift victory. But what followed in Iraq were anarchy, rebellion, looting and loss of American lives as there was no plan by President George Bush after liberating Iraq. Generals just watched and gave no orders on what course to take as Iraqis looted ammo depots that were later used as IED’s against American soldiers. It was not until 2007 under General Petreaus counter insurgency plan that the violence died down.
2. “In war, numbers alone confer no advantage; Do not advance relying on sheer military power” This lesson we take from King Xerxes I at the Battle of Thermopylae who led over one million soldiers from the Persian Empire “but today considered to have been much smaller ranging between about 100,000 and 150,000” (Scott) against 7000-8000 Greek soldiers with 300 royal guards. He relied on his mass army and navy as propaganda tool to convince the Greek cities not to fight or to crush any Greeks army in battle by his mass numbers. When they faced off at a narrow gap in Thermopylae which had no room for maneuvers left the armies facing each other. For three days, King Xerxes I army was devastated and savagely beaten by the Greeks; the Persian army had outnumbered the Greeks by 20-to-1but still could not defeat them until the 4th day. It is believed King Xerxes would have been defeated but finally thru a goat trail King Xerxes army was able to surround the Greek army and defeat them. (Scott)
3. “The Skillful leader subdues enemy troops without any fighting” “All warfare is deception” During the 1916-1917 campaign against General "Black Jack" Pershing who had more soldiers and consisted of the first use of motorized vehicles, balloons and planes against Pancho Villa who was fighting on horseback devised several plans to capture enemy equipment. By the late 1916...