Presently, most organizations emphasize extremely about leadership in organizations. Leadership means that ability, capability, and skills of leader to guide members of organizations to success or achieve objectives and destination. Leadership studies are interesting in several organizations. According to Walters (2009), “Leadership has been an intriguing and important part of human interactions for as long as people have lived and worked together in groups” (P.1). Some organizations have studied about leadership for long times to know what elements and significant factors of leadership is. Those elements will help leaders to have ability, capability, and skills to suggest members of organizations or being leaders efficiently.
Leadership studies emphasize traits, power, and behavior of leaders. Meanwhile, many organizations have always studied about leadership and tried to find appropriate and effective elements to fit in each organization and situation. Sometimes, the leadership is looked to be service. According to Shackleton (2001), “the essence of leadership is that it is a service to others” (Para.2). In addition, leadership, a skill about effect to members in organizations to lead them to success by communicated ideas to members, which is interaction of process that is related with leaders, followers, and situations to contribute to achieving objectives and goals.
However, there are several meaning of leadership. So, what the really definition of leadership is. According to SIY (2013), “Leadership is the art of leading others to deliberately create a result that wouldn’t have happened otherwise” (Para. 2). Some experts may think that leadership in organizations is science and art to manage and lead members of organizations to accomplish objectives of organizations. According to Kruse (2013), “Leadership is a process of social influence, which maximizes the effort others, towards the achievement of a goal” (P. 1). Though, some specialists, managers, or leaders may understand that leadership would be a process of headship that direct members of organizations to obtain objectives and goals.
Generally, Leadership style is divided into several styles. There are many experts or managers who have launch several types of leadership style. Sometimes, experts divide leadership styles by characters, technologies, command, situations, transformation, environment, and other factors. For example, Robyn Benincasa have offered 6 leadership styles to leaders. Next, Rose Johnson and Demand Media have cooperated to invent about 5 different kinds of leadership styles. Or Rhea Blanken and FASAE have explored 8 common leadership styles for leaders. So, there is no best leadership style for any situation and environment. Each organization has different kinds of cultural organizations and structured organization. Thus, leaders should adopt and apply leadership style in each situation and environment appropriately.
In addition, some websites provide a process...