Leadership Styles Essay

1086 words - 4 pages

“Traditional methods and styles of leadership must change to meet the changing environment “(Sims, 2002, p.242). Sims (2002) argues that organizations can ensure success by developing individuals in leadership positions as leaders and managers. There is a perception that leadership is a level above management. McConnell (2006) states that there are differences between leading and managing. In short, “people obey managers because they must or they expect to; people follow leaders because they want to” (McConnell, 2006, p.147).Therefore, leadership can be defined as “the act of influencing others to work toward a goal” (Bauer & Erdogen, 2009, p.285) and can be considered “more art than science” (McConnell, 2006, p.147). In health organizations, leaders exist at all levels. In the imaging department, leaders are directors, supervisors, and team leaders.
There are various theories on leadership styles, McConnell (2006) states that the three basic leadership styles are laissez-faire, participative (democratic), and authoritarian (autocratic). He argues that few leaders have only one leadership style. Sims (2002) states that factors such as experience, training, professional competence, technical competence and the leader’s philosophy regarding human nature would affect his or her leadership style. However, he thinks that leadership styles should be flexible and adaptable to various situations. Imaging departments exist in dynamic market environments, and many factors influence the leadership styles that imaging department leaders use .Ismail, Zainuddin, and Ibrahim (2010) argue that participative leadership (democratic) and consultative leadership are the leadership styles that seems to be implemented in such departments ,and mention findings that have confirmed that properly implemented participative and consultative leadership styles tend to strongly increase employees’ motivation to commit to their organization.
Ismail et al. (2010) refer to consultative leadership and participative leadership as humanistic- based leadership styles. Participative leadership is often described as “bottom-up or ‘we’ (all of us together) management” (McConnell, 2006, p.149). McConnell (2006) describes such leaders as people oriented, and the participative leadership style has subsets, such as the consultative and delegative modes. Regarding the consultative mode, Bauer and Erdogen (2009) and McConnell (2006) state that participative leaders involve employees in the decision- making process. Although participative leaders trust their employees in decision- making, Sims (2002) states that participative leaders retain the authority to take action whenever necessary. In the delegative mode, participative leaders share responsibilities and tasks with employees, clearly communicating with their employees. Participative leadership and consultative leadership are quite similar. Ismail et al.(2010) state that consultative leaders tend to always request employees’...

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