In lecture this week, I have learned about ‘Leadership and Followership’. Before this chapter, I thought that leadership and management were similar; however, after the lecture, I understood that leadership and management were two distinct aspects. I have learned that leadership means the art of motivating a group of people towards to achieve a target. In comparison, management means the process of planning, organizing, leading, controlling human and resources efficiently to achieve a target.
The topic described about trait theories, behavior theories, contingency theories, recent leadership theories, emerging issues in leadership and followership. The main argument throughout the topic was ‘What makes a good leader?’ It has been argued that leaders are born with natural assets. On the other hand, people argued that leader can be trained. Personally, I think leaders are born with natural assets; ...view middle of the document...
187-191). There are types of contingency theories for leader to apply in different situation including Fiedler’s contingency theory, path goal theory and the situational leadership model (Nelson, Wright, Quick, Adams, 2012, pp. 187-191). Personally, I think there is no leadership style that is best in all situations because its strengths and weaknesses. The disadvantage of autocratic is it makes the employees feel dependent on their leaders but it helps where orders need to be applied quickly with immediate response. The positive effect of democratic is that it improves in problem solving skill, creativity and innovation but the drawback is time consuming because the leader has to consult ideas from employees. Recently, there are new leadership styles including transformational, transactional, charismatic and authentic leadership (Nelson, Wright, Quick, Adams, 2012, pp. 70-74). However, there are threats which leaders must be aware such as emotional intelligence, trust, gender and leadership and servant leadership (Nelson, Wright, Quick, Adams, 2012, pp. 195-196).
The reading for this topic ‘The leadership quarterly’ was about investigations to prove the differences between men and women in leadership. After the investigation, the results had showed that women displayed more transformational behaviors and fewer laissez-faire behaviors than men (Vincenburg, Engen, Eagly, Schimdt, 2011, pp.10). The second study investigated stereotypes about the importance of leadership styles for the promotion of women and men to different levels in organizations (Vincenburg, Engen, Eagly, Schimdt, 2011, pp.10). After the reading, I have learned that gender does have impact on leadership because female tends to use people oriented style which it means they treat people in their group equally.
To sum up, there is no leadership style that is best in all situations because of the fact that it needs to rely on upon different elements including the attitude of managers, the training and experience of employees and the amount of time available for consultation.