Leading up to Vietminh
Vietnam is an amazing country, graced with gorgeous landscapes and breathtaking architecture. It is located south of China. There were many remarkable events that made Vietnam what it is today. One of the most important historical events was the Vietnam Revolutionary League, also known as Vietminh.
In 111 BC, Vietnam was part of the Chinese Empire. China had ruled Northern Vietnam for over 1,000 years. Vietnam tried to gain its independence and succeeded in 938 AD. However, the language, culture, and governmental infrastructure were still highly influenced by China. Ngo Quyen, a leader, defeated the Chinese at the battle of Bach Dang River, bringing independence to Northern Vietnam. Southern Vietnam, however, was greatly influenced by India.
During the early 15th century, China tried to regain control of Northern Vietnam but did not succeed. During the 17th and 18th century, two rival families, Trinh and Nguyen, wanted power. After much feud between the two, they both split Vietnam: Trinh took possession of the North, and Nguyen took possession of the South.
In 1858, the French captured Saigon and forced the emperor to forfeit over three provinces to the French in 1867, eventually led to the take over of Southern Vietnam. In 1887, Vietnam became part of the French colony of Indo-China. Vietnam made a significant amount of profit for the French; they had bountiful supplies of coal, tin, zinc, and rubber. By 1938, 57% of Vietnam's imports were provided by French companies.
To reduce the difficulty of transporting the items, the French erected a plethora of roads, canals, and railways. To compensate for Vietnam's transportation system, the French taxed the Vietnamese peasants. During the early 1900s, French schools were built. With a rising importance in education, Hanoi University was established in 1902.
Hồ Chí Minh, also known as Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese citizen who questioned the rights of France's rule over Vietnam. In 1924, Hồ Chí Minh visited the Soviet Union. He knew that if he returned to Vietnam, he would be in danger of being arrested by the French authorities. Therefore, he came to the conclusion that moving to China would be in his best interest and live near the Vietnam border. There he helped organize the revolution that will forever takes its toll in history, the Vietminh.
In September 1940, the Japanese Army invaded Indo-China. Paris was already...