Lean Manufacturing Essay

1080 words - 4 pages

ML303Moving to mastersAn individual reflective reportA personal development planName: Klara KovarikovaStudent Number: 13803236Tutors: Vicky RichardsWord Count:Hand in date: 13th December 2013Introduction to the leanThe aim of lean manufacturing is to achieve substantial competitive advantages on the market. It is an interest for all companies through around the world to become competitive. Companies at all sizes applied lean principles and do improvement in quality, productivity, customer service and profitability. Bhasin (2004) point out that lean production should be view as a philosophy not as a process. It is an overall mapping of process from the raw material to the final customer. The word "lean" is chosen to explain the strategy which enables to produce more for less. Quarteman (2007) said, there was a misconception that lean only works in big companies with repetitive and high volume activities but lean was successful in many kind of industries. Lean production examines the process as a whole. There is a need to achieve a smooth production flow and to eliminate waste.Implementation of leanTo implement the lean principles in practice, company should follow several steps:Evaluate current stateFirst of all the company has to examine all areas of process where it will be appropriate to implement lean techniques. Process mapping help us to draw it. Process mapping helps toSpotlight to wasteStreamline the work processesDefine and standardisePromote deep understandingBuild consensushttp://www.strategosinc.com/process_map_example.htmWaste means all activity that does not add any value in the process. The other term for waste is MUDA. Where the waste is found lean philosopthy should be applied. According to Slack (2013), the elimination of waste is a core lean idea. Toyota have identified 7 different types of waste in operations, both in service and production:Overproduction - producing more than consumers demandWaiting time - unnecessary waiting time between production stepsWork in progress - supply levels and work in progress inventories too highTransportation - moving materials inefficientlyOver-processing - inefficient process, poor maintenanceMotion -people and equipment move between tasks inefficientlyDefects - quality waste, time spend finding and fixing production mistakesMoreover there is a waste in workforce. In other words workers are not used efficiently or organization waste their potential.Determinate future stateWorkflowSlack, (2013) argues in his book that company has to determinate process and layout. It will help to identify what kind of machines the organisation will need. Layout means how the recourses will be transforming. It is important decision because if the layout proves wrong, it can lead to over-long or confused flow pattern, customer queues, long process times, inflexible operations, unpredictable flow and high cost. Layout must start with a full appreciation of the objective that the layout should be trying to...

Find Another Essay On Lean manufacturing

The History and Role of Six Sigma and Lean in the Manufacturing Environment

871 words - 4 pages looking to achieve a greater bottom line. Six Sigma, which is statistical process control (SPC) and Lean Manufacturing which focuses on reducing waste, have helped to achieve this goal. We will look at the origins of these two tools, the first companies to employ them, the theory behind each, and the future roll they will play in how we produce the products of our everyday world. In order to understand the concepts of Six Sigma, some

Why manufacturing system so important Essay

1350 words - 6 pages suitable according to the quantity of products. The production process selection and facility layout are very important to maximizing productivity and reducing cost production. Reducing waste and processing time are very important for manufacturing system. Businesses in all industries are using lean principles as the way they think and do. Lean manufacturing system is a strategy that emphasizes eliminating waste while delivering quality products

Implementing Lean into an Organization Paper

890 words - 4 pages Title of Paper Goes Here Implementing Lean University of Phoenix ISCOM/472 Lean Implementation The purpose of lean manufacturing is to reduce wastes within an organization. There are many different methods that can be used to implement lean into an organization. The purpose of this paper is to review three major lean elements that will be used to help a radio company meet the customer

What does "Leagility" mean in reference to supply chain design?

1104 words - 4 pages service, industry analysts have popularized the terms "world-class manufacturing" and "lean production" (Sheridan 1993). In the 1990s, industry leaders were trying to formulate a new paradigm for successful manufacturing enterprises in the 21st century; even though many manufacturing firms were still struggling to implement lean production concepts. In 1991, a group of more than 150 industry executives participated in a study. Their efforts culminated

METHODOLOGY AND PROCEDURE: very good example of methodology chapter for Master Students

1611 words - 6 pages describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the cause / s of particular phenomena. The author opted to use this kind of research considering the desire of the author to obtain first hand data from the respondents so as to formulate rational and sound conclusions and recommendations for the study.This study basically intends to identify the critical success factors of a sustainable lean manufacturing

Performance Improvement: Lean or Six Sigma

1243 words - 5 pages 1930s (Lean Enterprise Institute [LEI], 2009). The Lean methodology and tools have spread much further than the automotive industry and now can be found in: retail, healthcare, construction, maintenance, and governments today (LEI, 2009). Six Sigma was originally created by the Motorola Company in 1986 to improve the manufacturing process and eliminate defects ("Six Sigma," 2011). Six Sigma also gained popularity after being championed by General

Kellogg’s; an example of Lean Production System, using Just-In-Time (JIT)

1642 words - 7 pages paper will present how Kellogg’s has been able to manage its lean production in a very efficient way to create long term value products and competitive advantage. In brief, Kellogg’s is the world’s leading breakfast cereal manufacturer (The Times 100, 2010). Kellogg’s has manufacturing plants in the UK, Canada, Australia, Latin America and Asia (The Times 100, 2010), thus Levy (2007) settles Kellogg’s must have established an international supply

Toyota Supply Chain

2838 words - 11 pages acquire a competitive advantage (Sezen & Erdoragan 2009; McPhee & Wheeler 2006). Principles of Lean Manufacturing The reason why Toyota engages actively with entities in its supply chain network is arguably because it understands successful incorporating of lean thinking into the supply chain is largely determine by these partners. Important to note is that the principles of Lean manufacturing recommends for the consumer to be given

Discuss which specific methods for implementation can be used at the enterprise level. · Describe which specific tools for implementation can be used at the enterprise level. · Provide an example of a...

1238 words - 5 pages Production Plan for Riordan Manufacturing:In this paper there will be a discussion of alternative ways for Riordan Manufacturing Company to implement a new production plan, to generate an increase in its production for the new process design, and supply chain process for the electric fans at Riordan. The discussion will briefly observe and identify various strategic ability plans as well as lean production. The supply chain process for the

production plan

1238 words - 5 pages Production Plan for Riordan Manufacturing:In this paper there will be a discussion of alternative ways for Riordan Manufacturing Company to implement a new production plan, to generate an increase in its production for the new process design, and supply chain process for the electric fans at Riordan. The discussion will briefly observe and identify various strategic ability plans as well as lean production. The supply chain process for the

Group report about manufacturing strategy in supply chain

4190 words - 17 pages demonstrate the applications of the commonly used manufacturing strategies as well as the newly born ones; and then it will explain how these strategies can be interpreted from the lean and agile perspectives; finally conclusion and further recommendations will be made based on above discussions.Manufacturing systemsThe manufacturing system or Product-Flow is defined as "an integrated combination of processes, machine systems, people

Similar Essays

Lean Manufacturing Essay

3494 words - 14 pages Elements of a lean manufacturing programmeMuch has been written and published about lean manufacturing programmes. The focus of which would appear to be on the technical elements of such programmes i.e. specific tools and techniques, human resources and the cultural implications and requirements. However during the author's period of research, the findings of which indicate that very little headway would appear to have been made regarding the

Elements Of Lean Manufacturing Paper

930 words - 4 pages Elements of Lean Manufacturing Elements of Lean ManufacturingUniversity of PhoenixISCOM472Richard BaginskiIntroductionLean manufacturing is eliminating wastes and the non-value added items in the organization, which in turn saves the organization and the customers money. Lean manufacturing was developed by Sakichi Toyoda from the Toyota Production System. The Japanese methodology was created in order to reduce inventory to lower wastes and

Impact Of Lean Manufacturing And Environmental Management On Business Performance

1339 words - 6 pages Introduction:  In this report we tried to explain the relationship between lean manufacturing practices environmental management practices and environmental performance, business performance outcomes (e.g., market and financial performance).  The hypothesized relationships of this model are tested with data collected from 309 international manufacturing firms (IMSSIV) by using AMOS.  There is an increasing social demand for environmental

How Has Lean Manufacturing Influenced The Service Industries?

2306 words - 10 pages In today’s ever changing market place, reaching a high level of customer satisfaction is shown more and more difficult; for service industries it has shown to be even more challenging to achieve low costs and greater efficiency. Throughout the academic literature I will broadly introduce the key principles of lean manufacturing, and its processes, using USA Vacuum as a quick example to illustrate how lean processes significantly reduced their