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Leaning Tower Of Pisa Essay

1194 words - 5 pages

The Leaning Tower of Pisa or other wise know as Tower of Pisa or Bell Tower of Pisa is located in Pisa, Italy, is said to be one of the most memorable architectural structures from medieval Europe and also one of the wonders of the world. Although it has many names it is actually referred to as the bell tower or campanile. The Pisa Tower is one of the four buildings that make up the cathedral complex of Italy called Campo dei Miracoli or Pizza dei Miracoli. The four buildings include a cathedral, baptistery, campanile, and Pisa Tower. These four buildings are said to be the most impressive for of art of Romanesque architecture in Italy. The Leaning Tower of Pisa’s architect is said to be Bonanno Pisano, but there is controversy that Guglielmo and Diotisalvi had part in the design as well. The Pisa Tower only measures one third as high as the Washington Monument, measuring about one hundred eight six feet on its high side and about one hundred and eighty three on its low side. This height is considered a miracle, due to the fact it was a medieval engineering miracle. The tower is made from marble and stone and construction began in 1173 and lasted about two hundred years up until 1372. It is considered a miracle due to medieval engineering. The tower took so long to build due to series of wars. The tower consists of eight stories, two hundred and seven columns, two hundred and ninety-seven steps that spiral the inside, two hundred and eleven arches and seven bells.
The tower was designed to be like any other tower, perfectly vertical.
Construction of the building was built in stages. The first stage consisted of the building of the first three floors. Construction for the ground floor began on August 1173, construction of the second floor began in 1178, and the third floor was started but was not finished in this stage due to the wars Pisa was involved in. As they started to build the second floor, the tower started to sink towards the north side. The tower was built from the beginning with problems. It was built on a very unstable ground with a high water table. The ground that the tower was built on what used to be a laguna; the ground was composed of mostly clay, fine sand, and shells. But because of the military reasons there was a twenty years pause that allowed the building and the soft ground to settle. If the tower would have been completed at this time it would have collapsed because of the stress on the soil. Once construction picked back up in 1198 the third floor was completed with temporary clocks installed. Almost one hundred years later in 1272 the construction resumed once again but under the direction of Giovanni Di Simone. Because the tower had a tilt to it, they started to build the upper floors one side higher then the other one. For that reason the building itself is curved. No mater how hard people try to make it straight, it is considered impossible because the building has a banana shape. A decade later the...

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