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Learners Autonomy In Language Learning Essay

1474 words - 6 pages

Lately, the concepts of learner autonomy and independence had become important concepts in the area of teaching. The former has become a ‘vogue word’ within the context of linguistic communication learning. Autonomous learning is a technical jargon in education which means accepting responsibility and demanding charge of one’s own scholarship. There are many different learning schemes and factors that contribute to the achievement of learner independence as well.
According to Sinclair (2001), learning autonomy is “independent learning, lifelong learning, learning to learn, and thinking skills”. Learner autonomy is though the ability to assume charge of one’s own learning, to have the responsibility for all the conclusions concerning all facets of this learning, to independently make decisions and to critically reflect on different issues. This ability is not inborn, but must be derived either by ‘natural’ deftness or by conventional scholarship. It is clear that autonomy is acquired not merely in conventional contexts, but also in mere exposure to informal context, streets, house, and cyber cafes for instance. In order for autonomy in the learning process to be achieved, there are conditions to be conceived. Gaining independence in learning is not arbitrary, hence it necessitates respecting some measures. The conditions mentioned earlier include a set of strategies for independent learning. There are two types of strategies: language use strategies, and language learning strategies. The former has been defined as strategies for using the terminology that has been determined, whereas the latter is taken to be the conscious and semi-conscious thoughts and behaviors used by scholars with the expressed goal of bettering their knowledge and intellect of a target language. Seeing this type of strategies Cohen and Dornyei (2002) have identified four main learning strategies which are communication strategies, cognitive/ meta-cognitive; social strategies; skill area strategies and self-motivation strategies. Communication strategies are lightening devices used to help learners overcome any communicative obstacle. Henceforth, communication strategies has been regarded as “the verbal (or nonverbal) first support devices which may be applied to deal with problems or breakdowns in communication. These devices are instruments for aiding students to be active participants in a given communicative situation. As far as the cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective and social strategies, they are seen as an approach to categorizing strategies. They categorize the learners into four groups: cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective or social. Cognitive strategies have been defined as strategies that “operate directly on incoming information, manipulating it in ways that enhance learning” (O’Malley & Chamot, 1990:44). In other words, this class covers the procedure through which students work in their learning of the target language as well as the process of its...

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