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Learning And Cognition Essay

961 words - 4 pages

Learning and Cognition PaperApril DinataleRichard CoddPsychology 39011 August 2014Learning and Cognition PaperIntroductionIn today's society the source of learning may come from several outlets, such as the television, the internet, or a magazine. Believe it or not we all learn something every day, whether we know it or not. Although most of us learn from our own experiences and some of us learned from watching other people's experiences as well. Since birth we all have been able to do things naturally and perform certain actions on our own, meaning we exhibit a great deal of behaviors. Though in the paradigm of learning, in the jurisdiction of psychology, is best described as, "Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior or in behavioral potentiality that results from experience and cannot be attributed to temporary body states such as those induced by illness, fatigue, or drugs" (Olson and Hergenhahn, 2009). Nevertheless, a whole understanding of the contrivance of learning, as it relates to psychology in today's society is mostly established on the sympathetic of the unambiguous role that behavior plays in learning today.Learning and BehaviorWhen a person is learning a new activity they are progressing information by using existing knowledge in which they learn throughout their life. Learning is the ability to progress new information by altering existing, values, behaviors, preferences, skills, knowledge, and includes producing different categories of information (Cherry, 2009). According to Gregory A. Kimble "learning as a relatively permanent change in behavioral potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice" (Olson and Hergenhahn, 2009), which in other words say that learning has always been a factor in the change of the person's behavior. Learning is behavior potentiality that acts as a principal variable in the middle of behavior and experience which in time discovers expression through the instrument of performance. Even till this day learning has been a moderately permanent alteration in individual's behavior that is the result of life experience. Learning is an alteration in the nervous system that ascends from experience and can be observed in an organism's behavior (English, 2010). Additionally it has always had a significant influence on individual's behavior as it influences abilities. "Learning is indexed by a change in behavior; in other words, the results of learning must always be translated into observable behavior. After learning, learners are capable of doing something that they could not do before learning took place." (Olson and Hergenhahn, 2009) The role in individual's behavior, learning is vital for information management which still remains an important concept in countless areas of psychology even till this day, including developmental psychology, social, and educational.Types of LearningOver the years in the history of psychology different kinds of learning were introduced to the world of...

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