This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Learning And Teaching Processes Essay

3447 words - 14 pages

LECTURE 3. LEARNING AND TEACHING PROCESSES3.1 The teaching process3.2 Presentations and explanations3.3. Practice activities3.1 The teaching processThe process of teaching a foreign language is a complex one: as with many other subjects, it is broken down into components. There are three components: (1) presenting and explaining new material; (2) providing practice; and (3) testing.In principle, the teaching processes of presenting, practising and testing correspond to strategies used by many good learners trying to acquire a foreign language on their own. They make sure they perceive(воспринимать) and understand new-language (by paying attention, by constructing meanings, by formulating rules or hypotheses that account for it, and so on); they make conscious efforts to learn it thoroughly (by mental rehearsal of items, for example, or by finding opportunities to practise); and they check themselves (get feedback on performance, ask to be corrected).In the classroom, it is the teacher's job to promote these three learning processes by the use of appropriate teaching acts. Thus, a teacher presents and explains new material in order to make it clear, comprehensible and available for learning; gives practice to consolidate knowledge; and tests, in order to check what has been mastered and what still needs to be learned or reviewed. These acts may not occur in this order, and may sometimes be combined within one activity; nevertheless good teachers are usually aware which is their main objective at any point in a lesson.This is not, of course, the only way people learn a language in the classroom. They may absorb new material unconsciously, or semi-consciously, through exposure to comprehensible and personally meaningful speech or writing, or through their own engagement with it, without any purposeful teacher mediation as proposed here. Through such mediation, however, the teacher is to provide a framework for organized, conscious learning, while simultaneously being aware of - and providing opportunities for - further, more intuitive acquisition.3.2 Presentations and explanationsIt would seem fairly obvious that in order for our students to learn something new (a text, a new word, how to perform a task) they need to be first able to perceive and understand it. One of the teacher's jobs is to mediate(служить связующим звеном) such new material so that it appears in a form that is most accessible for initial learning.This kind of mediation may be called 'presentation'. The term presentation is applied not only to the introduction of new words or grammatical structures, but also to the initial encounter with comprehensible (понятный,...


Interactivity in Teaching and Learning Essay

1448 words - 6 pages each system (Evans & Sabry, 2003). The effectiveness of interactivity in teaching and learning has been shown in multiple studies throughout the years. “Thirty years of educational research indicates that various interactive technologies are effective in education as phenomena to learn both “from” and “with.” (Reeves, 1999, p. 17) Interactivity is particularly important in the field of instructional design and technology. Sims (1997) argues

Direct Teaching and Cooperative Learning Essay

727 words - 3 pages Direct Teaching and Cooperative Learning I believe the nature of children is to want to have fun. Therefore, teachers must make learning a fun experience. Children can only learn when they are given information and materials to learn from. The overall purpose of education is to provide every child with a competent education. Education is an important aspect of everyone’s life. As a prospective teacher I hope to

Paradox in Teaching and Learning

649 words - 3 pages Palmer’s third chapter speaks about paradox in teaching and learning. He describes paradox, overall, as the inner tension experienced in the heart of every teacher, competing and pulling between laughter and pain, joy and sadness, engagement and apathy. He embraces the soul of the strongly : “teaching...can only be expressed as paradoxes”. Push them yet coddle them, inspire them yet give them thinking time, challenge them yet celebrate their

Teaching Styles and Learning Styles

1146 words - 5 pages arguments sound reasonable. However, it seems that she failed to correlate the significant changes in her findings with educational notions of learning and teaching. Typically, as seen in the article, the ability of knowing and understanding students’ need, strength and weakness nowadays becomes prior characteristics of a good language teacher. Why is there such a change? Referring to the ZPD (zone of proximal development) notion of Vygosky (1978

Computer Technology and Teaching and Learning

1305 words - 6 pages necessary to live in modern society, and computer technology is now integrated into teaching and learning. Computer technology is beneficial in education because it can increase the opportunity of learning, yet, at the same time the technology challenges teachers to teach students because the technology is new and developing that teachers are not very familiar, and also digital materials grow children to behave unprecedented that they do not suit

Teaching and Learning Language: Grammar and Vocabulary

997 words - 4 pages Teaching and Learning Language: Grammar and Vocabulary This essay will focus on the subject of learning and teaching languages. More specifically it will deal with two different, but intrinsically related topics. The first topic investigates the deductive and the inductive approaches to teaching grammar, and the positive and negative aspects of them both. The deductive approach is the more teacher-centered approach, where the teacher explains

Computer Technology and Teaching and Learning

1371 words - 6 pages literacy became necessary to live in modern society. Accordingly, computer technology is now integrating into the education. Computer technology and the Internet are beneficial in teaching and learning because they increase the opportunity to learn by giving the chance to learn in any place where it is wired. However, computer technology can challenge the teachers to teach the students because technology is new and developing thing that teachers are

Culture and Foreign Language: Teaching and Learning

2798 words - 11 pages (1989) and Kramsch (1993) on the teaching and learning of a foreign language are closely related to the role of language and culture. They suggest that foreign language teaching can hardly occur without teaching about the cultures of the languages being taught, mainly because language is connected to one’s perceptions and knowledge of the world which are shaped by the culture we belong to. Language is like a “road map to how one perceives

Theoretical Stance on Learning and Teaching Mathematics

1199 words - 5 pages justify the specific teaching and learning strategies related to this philosophy, supported by the research and literature. Philosophy of Mathematics Education: Constructivist, Student-Centred Approach – When learning Mathematics through a constructivist approach, the students are able to build their own understandings of concepts and problems, actively constructing knowledge in relevant contexts, while the teacher supports this construction

theory practice for teaching and learning

1902 words - 8 pages competence. They identified four dimensions of communicative competence which are grammatical, discourse, sociolinguistic and strategic competence. Savignon (2002) stated that communicative language teaching (CLT) refers to both processes and goals in the classroom learning. Generally, CLT aims to make communicative competence the goal of language teaching, and at the same time develop procedures for the teaching of the four language skills. Berns

My Philosophy of Mathematics Teaching and Learning

1602 words - 6 pages important one. My personal philosophy of mathematics education – including the optimal learning environment and best practices teaching strategies – motivates my teaching strategies in my personal classroom. Mathematics teachers teach their students a wide range of content strands – geometry, algebra, statistics, and trigonometry – while also teaching their students mathematical skills – logical thinking, formal process, numerical reasoning, and

Similar Essays

Critically Evaluate Assessment, Planning And Teaching Processes With Particular Reference To Children’s Learning And Development

1576 words - 7 pages When spending time within any primary classroom, it is evident that there are different types of learners and that a lesson is planned to support and encourage all types of learning. However, it is when teaching that it is essential that these leaning styles are understood and clearly planned for in order to deliver an effective lesson. There are three main learning styles which directly influence the way a teacher plans, delivers and then

Critically Evaluate Assessment, Planning And Teaching Processes With Particular Reference To Children’s Learning And Development

981 words - 4 pages Social constructivism was developed by Vygotsky. His theory of learning highlights the role which social and cultural interactions play in the learning process. Vygotsky states that learning is co-constructed and that individuals learn from each other. He rejected the assumption made by Piaget that it was possible to separate learning from its social context. He believed that constructivists such as Piaget had overlooked the essentially social

Teaching And Learning Essay

1925 words - 8 pages practices and beliefs, to make sure the strategies we are using are working or not, and how it could further be changed to improve the strategies to make it work better . Second is by making sure the curriculum that has been set for the child is appropriate. As stated in Quality in Action (DOP 3) “evaluation and assessment are ongoing processes that enhance children’s learning that lead to continual improvement of the curriculum p. 31. It is always good

Cognitive Structures And Processes Involved In Learning

1529 words - 6 pages Cognitive psychology is a field of psychology which studies how the human mind perceives, thinks and how memory is stored. This essay will use the Modal Model to illustrate the cognitive structures and processes involved in the process of learning. It will lay emphasis on short-term-memory and automation.The modal model is an information processing model that attempts to elucidate the memory process. This model divides the memory process into