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Learning Cognition Essay

1235 words - 5 pages

Running Header: LEARNING AND COGNITIONLearning and CognitionSandra LattinUniversity of PhoenixLearning and CognitionMany Psychologists throughout the years have held case studies dedicated to cognition and learning. Some theories have been adapted to reflect new scientific data. This paper will attempt to explain what learning is, how learning and behavior affect one another, the different styles associated with learning, and the relationship between learning and cognition. Learning is something that is a continuous process in which there is a wealth of information and knowledge.While there has not been just one entirely accepted definition of "learning," several individuals have made attempts at making the process as clear as possible. The American Heritage Dictionary, according to Hergenhahn and Olson, (2005) defines learning as follows: "To gain knowledge, comprehension, or mastery through experiences or study." (p.3). While this definition is straight to the point and simple enough, others have felt the need to expand on the ideas of what is involved in this subject of learning. This is due, in part, to the fact that people have recently accepted the idea that learning involves changes in observable behavior. Kimble gave another definition that describes learning as "A relatively permanent change in behavior potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice." (p.3) Kowalski and Westen give yet another definition in the text, Psychology, (2005) which claims that learning refers to "any enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience." (p.157) Behavior is often considered the result of learning because so many definitions conclude that the learning process must be able to be seen in observable behavior.Humans as a race gather information and classify that data or organize that data as a means to strengthen or shape the mind. Each person is capable of capturing and learning information even before the individual is born, and then encoding that information throughout the nerve cells that affect memory. (Alliance, 2007) Once that data is encoded into memory it can be organized in the brain, which will then allow that person to organize the abstracts as well as physical objects into organized groups. (Alliance, 2007) When a person goes into a classroom setting it is good for him or her to be taught those skills necessary to go through school. However, should the person not use some of the information throughout his or her daily life then some of that information may be forgotten. That does not mean that the information cannot be recalled should a part of the memory be jogged, but does mean that a person does not use that information enough to constitute remembering that information right away.What are the types associated with learning? There are three different classifications of learning. Those three classifications are visual, auditory, and tactile/kinesthetic. The visual learner...

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