Determining learners’ educational functioning levels utilizes the guidelines by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) with approved standardized testing means. The program at the Community College of Allegheny County utilizes the Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE) to assess learners. Learners’ who are able to function at the fourth, fifth and early sixth grade levels in mathematics are the focus of this learning project.
The intent of this six-week, seventy-two hour learning experience will address one of the most difficult aspects that experiences shows are baffling and confusing to adult learners – fractions, decimals, proportions and ratios.
This multi-phase learning ...view middle of the document...
Additionally, learners will participate in post-testing activities required by the PDE (TABE) to determine learners’ educational gain.
Discussion of the Theory/Research
Adult learning is a unique field of education with inimitable challenges. These challenges arise because of the life experiences of the adult learner, the varied types of experiences, the age of the adult learner and the disparate reasons and mottled degree of enthusiasm that each learners possesses.
For the purposes of clarity, an adult learner as referred to in this Lesson Project Analysis (LPA), is one that is attributed to Merriam and Brockett (2007) by Merriam & Bierema, (2013) in, Adult Learning: Linking Theory and Practice, where they say,
Perhaps the only way out of this maze is to broadly define adult as have as part of their definition of adult education—"activities intentionally designed for the purpose of bringing about learning among those whose age, social roles, or self-perception, define them as adults" (p. 8, italics added) (p. 11).
This Leaning Project focuses on “adults” that did not finish high school and have chosen to enroll in an Adult Basic Education (ABE) program. The chronological ages of this this group can range from 16-year olds (minimum age to participate in ABE programs established by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) to octogenarians and beyond as there is no maximum age limit to participate since, one is literally never too old to learn.
In addition to the wide range of ages, their enthusiasm to participate in GED classes is also an interesting mix as documented by O’Donnell (2006) and shown here (p. 12).
Because of this and other disparate sociological factors, selecting the appropriate educational theory to emulate is a challenge. Faced with selecting between Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theory it is important to consider the target audience, examine the applicability and appropriateness of each theory in relationship to the population as well as the subject matter in order to make an informed decision.
Behaviorism is one of the oldest theories of education dating...