Most believe that all students think the same, and should be graded equally. The only views people have regarding intelligence according to Gardner (2011) is a “single, general capacity that every human being possesses to a greater or lesser extent ; that it can be defined or measured by standardized verbal instruments” (pg. xxviii). These notions initiated to pose the question if everyone actually thinks alike? If one test could accurately give a measurement of someone’s intelligence and help them adapt to overall society? After many years of research and testing it is believed that the Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory is the most effective teaching and educational method in this modern day and age. Although there has been mass debate over the numerous definitions of intelligence, this paper will support the argument of the MI theory as an effective educational practice while counteracting opposing views of its effectiveness in the classroom.
A Harvard psychologist, Howard Gardner is the founder, and creator of the MI theory. According to Armstrong (2009), Gardner’s main concern was those students who didn’t measure up in the standardized evaluations of the intelligence test done, objectively measured and then reduced to one number (pg. 5). Gardner was quoted stating:
“It is of the utmost importance that we recognize and nurture all of the varied human intelligences, and all of the combinations of intelligences. We are all so different largely because we all have different combinations of intelligences. If we recognize this, I think we will have at least a better chance of dealing appropriately with the many problems that we face in the world” (Armstrong, 2009, pg. 5).
Gardner felt that having just one uniformed way of assessing intelligence was unfair to those who don’t do so well on IQ tests. Gardner sought an alternate view of intellect that portrayed the different areas that each person was stronger in than others. These thoughts and discoveries aided him to produce the Multiple Intelligence theory in the 1980’s. This theory has several different intelligences presented and represents the diversity, qualities, and characteristics of the students in society today. These methods offered by the MI theory include: musical rhythmic intelligence, linguistic intelligence, bodily kinesthetic intelligence, spatial intelligence, logical mathematical intelligence, naturalist intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, existential, and intrapersonal intelligence (Pritchard, 2009, pg. 34).
Everyone encompasses all nine intelligences and all of these cognitive strengths and weaknesses help to develop each other in a person’s...