Left Wing Revolution Threat. Essay

762 words - 3 pages

How far do the sources support the view that Ebert was wrong to cooperate with the right wing forces in Germany to crush the threat of a left wing revolution? On November 9th, 1918, Friedrich Ebert, the then chancellor of Germany joined forces with Wilhelm Groener (first general of the German army) and formed the Freikorps in an attempt to diminish the radical socialist uprisings. The suppression of the Spartacist uprising was not a flawless procedure and required sacrifices and rushed decisions on Ebert's part, partially due to the urgency and spontaneity of the revolt. Analysis of the relevance of Ebert's decision to cooperate with the right wing will be made in this essay.The alliance formed by the Ebert-Groener pact was riddled with peculiarity and idiosyncrasies. Source 2 implies how the pact caused widespread alienation amongst the socialists and condemns the castigatory methods used to, "crush, brutally, the socialist uprisings," adopted by the Freikorps (a militant group of volunteers formed by the government as an alternative to the army). This violent treatment instilled distrust towards the Republic amongst the left, leading to a general consensus amongst the socialists, as said in Source 2, that, "the republic could never be forgiven," instantly reducing confidence in Ebert's government and its capacity in managing crises via diplomacy.Although the source is somewhat opinionated, it does replicate the definite existence of such bitter feelings with the Ebert government at the time, which led to the Social Democrats' image as the party of the working classes to be irreparably tarnished - its credibility is further raised as it is from a book published in 1973, obviously having the benefit of hindsight. Moreover, Source 1 suggests the right wing forces gained authority through corrupt means. Ebert was in a desperate situation and Groener would only offer support in return for, "a share of power in the new state." It appears as if Groener utilised methods of blackmail to arrogate a degree of power from the Ebert government (Ebert had put his government into the hands of the army and Freikorps, who could not be trusted to be loyal) thus indicating that it was imprudent of Ebert to align himself with such corrupt forces that will destabilize the Reichstag. Additionally, Source 1 also suggests...


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