Legal and Ethical Responsibilities.
Direct Discrimination :- something like putting in the job
advertisement “women need not apply”.
Indirect Discrimination :- saying there’s a height limit such as a
6’4”. This will limit who can apply for the job.
Sex Discrimination Act 1975
The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 makes sex discrimination unlawful in
employment, vocational training, education, the provision and sale of
goods, facilities and services and premises.
In employment and vocational training, it is also unlawful to
discriminate against someone on the grounds that a person is married
or, from December 2005, a civil partner, or on the grounds of gender
The Sex Discrimination Act prohibits direct and indirect
discrimination and victimisation.
Although not yet mentioned in the Act, case law has established that
harassment/sexual harassment and discrimination because a woman is
pregnant or on maternity leave are unlawful.
Equal Pay Act 1970
The Equal Pay Act 1970 makes it unlawful for employers to discriminate
between men and women where they are doing the same or similar work;
work rated as equivalent; or work which is of equal value though
different in nature. It covers both pay and other terms and
conditions such as output and bonus payments, holidays and sick
leave. European law has confirmed that the concept of equal pay
prevents discrimination in relation to redundancy payments, travel
concessions, employers’ pension contributions and occupational pension
The Equal Pay Act applies to pay or benefits provided by the contract
of employment. The Sex Discrimination Act covers non-contractual
arrangements including benefits such as discretionary access to a
workplace nursery or travel concessions.
The Act does not give anyone the right to claim equal pay with a
person of the same sex. In other words, any comparison must be with a
person of the opposite sex.
Race discrimination occurs when a person is treated less favourably on
the grounds of race, colour, and nationality, ethnic or national
origin. It is unlawful to discriminate against any worker on racial
grounds. The Race Relations Act 1976 makes it unlawful to discriminate
· pay (including bonuses and shift premiums)
· other terms and conditions (e.g. holidays)
· access to opportunities or benefits (e.g. promotion, training,
· or by disadvantaging a worker in any other way on racial grounds.
There are three different kinds of discrimination forbidden by law.
Direct Discrimination occurs when a worker is treated less favourably
on the grounds of race, colour, and nationality, ethnic or national
origin. Direct discrimination is relatively easy to identify but can
be more difficult to prove.
Indirect Discrimination is more complicated and can be difficult to
prove in a court or tribunal. Indirect discrimination...