First of all, it is important to know the definition of privacy, it is the right to control who knows what about you, and under what conditions. The right to share different things with the people that you want and the right to know that your personal email, medical records and bank details are safe and secure. Privacy is essential to human dignity and autonomy in all societies. If someone has committed a physical intrusion, or, in discussing the principal question, has published embarrassing or inaccurate personal material or photographs of the individual taken without consent, he is invading their right of privacy, which is in the article eight of the European Convention on Human Rights. ...view middle of the document...
Related to this, the Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006 tries to make provision about offences involving stirring up hatred against people on racial or religious grounds.
If you post something online, as mentioned above, you are responsible for the consequences of your comment. Nowadays it is very important to know it because we are posting constantly on several web pages or social networks and these comments can be read by thousands of people. For instance, on Sunday 20th April, a 14-year-old Dutch girl tweeted that she was a member of Al Qaeda and was going to do something to an American Airlines. A few minutes after, American Airlines commented her tweet saying that it was a serious threat and later, she replied she was kidding. In my opinion, people are not aware how much damage they can do with a comment and of course, they are unconscious of the legal risks of posting online. According to a report of law firm DLA Piper, 63 per cent of Britons "have little or no awareness of their legal responsibilities".
So with the increasing ease of free speech, we are seeing the rise of an increasing urge to censor. Censorship consists of the examination of speech or other public communication in order to suppress in whole or part those that may be considered objectionable, harmful, incorrect or inconvenient. It is not the same as selection, which is choosing something in preference to another or others. Selection is a choice, in contrast to censorship which means suppression.
There are three main reasons of censorship. The first one is obscenity, it is any act which strongly offends someone’s moral. But it has different boundary depending on the culture, time or place. This censorship is usually for sexual reasons. One additional reason is the blasphemy, which is the act of insulting God, religious or holy persons, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. And, the last one is the political reason, it tries to guarantee the national security, public safety and health, prevent crime, etc. It is about national interest. Although sometimes when a politician says it is in national interest, it may be political embarrassing. The Official Secrets Act 1989 protects state secrets and official information, mainly related to national security.
Censorship has been criticized throughout history for being unfair and hindering progress. As who decides what has to be censored, is trying to impose moral values on society. An English novelist, E. M. Forster, was an opponent of censoring material on the grounds that it was obscene or immoral, raising the issue of moral subjectivity and the constant changing of moral values.
Furthermore, there are different types of censorship, depending on who decides what and why something has to be censored. In the first place, the...