Health, Safety and Welfare at Work Act 2005
Health, Safety and Welfare are applicable both to the employer and the employee in the work place.
The Health and Safety Authority (HSA) enforces Health and Safety procedures and monitors compliance. The HSA provide a number of services to employers, employees and the public, including:
• workplace inspections and monitoring for compliance
• investigations into serious accidents
• providing information service
• develop new laws and standards
The Health, Safety and Welfare at Work Act 2005 sets out the requirements for the control of health and safety in the work place, the management of those systems to reach the goals, the responsibility of the employers, employees and self-employed.
Duties of Employer
The Employer must:
• Prepare a safe environment for employees in which to work, as well as equipment that are safe to work with.
• Take necessary precaution to avoid risks associated with harmful substances or exposure to high noise levels, continuous vibration and other agents.
• Prohibit actions and activities by employees that might negatively impact the health, safety and welfare of employees.
• Educate and train employees in health, safety and welfare regulations.
• Supply employees with protective clothing and equipment when necessary.
• Designate a person that can perform as a Safety Officer competently.
• Bring reportable incidents to the attention of the Health and Safety Authority.
Risks and Hazards
In order for an Employer to prevent risks, careful analysis of hazard needs to be carried out. Common hazards include but are not limited to:
• Falling from heights
• Objects falling from heights
• Electrical Shock
• Inadequate heating/cooling
• Hazards from tools/machinery
• Handling of unwieldy or large items
• Caustic agents
• Confined spaces
• Human behaviour
• Excessive noise
• Eye strain
• Repetitive movement
After the hazards has been analysed, risks must be carefully assessed and control measures must be put into place to prevent avoidable risks. Findings must be recorded, not just as a once off procedure, but continual reviews must take place and updated as necessary. This must be done in consultation with employees.
Duties of the Employee
The Employee must:
• Observe pertinent health and safety laws.
• Not become intoxicated or otherwise impaired while at work and so endangering themselves and others.
• Use all tools and equipment in a prescribed manner.
• Not engage in acts or behaviour that could place themselves or others at risk.
• Report defects or problems that might endanger themselves or others.
• Take part in relevant health and safety training.
• Work with employers in terms of health and safety.
Equality Act 2004
An employee has rights and protection against harassment and discrimination because of factors such as (but not limited to) age, gender, marital status, civil status, religious beliefs, race, disability,...