Lehrwerkanalyse Essay

1446 words - 6 pages

1. EinleitungIm Österreichischen AHS-Lehrplan, welcher für die Erstellung von Lehrwerken herangezogen wird, steht als Ziel formuliert, das alle vier Fertigkeitsbereiche "Hören, Lesen, an Gesprächen teilnehmen, zusammenhängendes Sprechen" und "Schreiben" gleich gewichtet, regelmäßig und möglichst integrativ geübt werden sollten. (BMUKK 2004: 2) Zudem bildet der gemeinsame europäische Referenzrahmen für Sprachen - kurz GERS, die Grundlage für das Entwickeln der Lehrwerke im entsprechenden Kompetenz Niveau der Lerner. Dafür wurde eine europaweite Skala entworfen in der alle vier Fertigkeiten in Niveaus von A1, A2, B1, ... bis C2 unterteilt wurden. (Trim et al. 2004.)Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, das Lehrwerk für den Fremdsprachenunterricht Englisch mit dem Titel "Key B1 - Coursebook with Homestudy" (Cornford, Wright: 2011), welches angegeben wird dem GERS Niveau-B1 zu entsprechen, zu analysieren:Inwieweit entsprechen die vorgegebenen Aufgaben und Übungen zu des "monologischen-" und "dialogischen Sprechens" tatsächlich dem angegebenen GERS-Niveau B1? (Decke-Cornill: 2009.)Die Analyse wird anhand von drei spezifisch ausgewählten Lektionen durchgeführt.1.1. Aufbau des LehrwerksDas von mir ausgewählte Lehrwerk Key erschien 2011 in Berlin und enthält neben dem eigentlichen Coursebook zwei Audio-CDs und ein Phrasebook indem sich Vokabeln, Lautschrift und Übersetzungen zu dem Wortschatz der Units und Journals. (Insgesamt enthält das Lehrwerk drei sogenannte Journals welche sich jeweils nach Unit 4, 8 und 11 befinden, in denen es Hauptsächlich um die Fertigkeit Lesen geht, was für diese Analyse jedoch nicht relevant ist.)Das Lehrwerk ist in zwölf verschiedene Lektionen aufgeteilt welche alle jeweils in weitere vier Parts (A,B,C,D) unterteilt sind. Jeder Part trägt zudem einen Titel; z.B.: Unit 1: A - "Music makes the world go round!", B - "How annoying!" und C - "Silence is golden". In Part D werden in jeder Lektion Seiten mit "Homestudy" Übungen angeführt. Im "Table of contents" auf Seite 4-9 wird der gesamte Inhalt also gut ersichtlich dargestellt. Darüber hinaus werden den Lehrpersonen und Lernern weiter Informationen durch Unterüberschriften wie "Overview", "Topics", "Grammar" und auch "Can do..." über den Inhalt vermittelt.Besondere Aufmerksamkeit zog jedoch Part D der letzten Unit (12) auf sich, da diese nicht den Titel"Homestudy" hält sondern ein "Portfolio" darstellt. (Cornford, Wright. 2011: 128-129) Dieses Sprachenportfolio enthält Tabellen Lektion in der die Schüler selbstständig ihren Lernfortschritt eintragen können. Beim Durchlesen der einzelnen Kann-Beschreibungen ist auffällig, dass die meisten sich auf die Fertigkeit Sprechen beziehen, wobei man berücksichtigen sollte, dass die richtige Verwendung von Grammatik mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit ein Teil...

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