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Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, And Raphael Sanzio

1738 words - 7 pages

Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, Italy. His full birth name was Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci. The meaning of Leonardo birth name is Leonardo, son of (Mes) ser Piero from Vinci. He was born to Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci who was a Florentine notary, and Caterina, a peasant. Leonardo was an illegitimate son because his parents were never married. Leonardo was raised by his father. In 1466, when he was only 14 he became an apprentice to one of the most successful artist of his day, Andrea di Cione. Andrea di Cione is also known as Verrocchio. While he was apprenticing with the artist Verrocchio, he learn technical skills. The technical skills include drafting, chemistry, metallurgy, metal working, plaster casting, leather working, mechanics and carpentry. He also learns artistic skills which include painting, drawing, sculpting, and modeling. Leonardo collaborated with Verrocchio on the Baptism of Christ, which is a painting that depict a young angel holding Jesus’ robe in a matter that was superior to his master that cause Verrocchio to put down his brush and never paint again. In 1472, at the age of twenty, he was qualified as a master artist in the Guild at Saint Luke. His earliest known work is a drawing done in pen and ink of the Arno valley. According to Florentine court record, Leonardo was charged with sodomy, but was acquitted. In 1478, Leonardo set up his own studio. In 1481, he received a major commission for the altar of a monastery near Florence. The piece was called The Adoration of Magi and it was never finished. The Adoration of Magi supposedly depicts three wise men paying homage to a newborn Jesus and his mother, Mary. In 1482, he abandoned the project, so he was able to accept the post of court artist to the Duke of Milan. Leonardo was hired by the city’s duke and was given the title of “painter and engineer of the duke” In Milan, he worked as a painter, sculptor, served as an architect, and he aided in the design of fortifications and military conceptions. He stayed in Milan for only 17 years because the Duke of Milan fell out of power and the French entered Milan. Leonardo's first Milanese painting was the altarpiece Virgin of the Rocks. Another Milanese painting created by da Vinci was the Last Supper painting. The Last Supper shows Jesus and his apostles on the night before the crucifixion. During the years of 1503-1517, he created his most well-known painting the Mona Lisa. The Mona Lisa is a portrait of a woman whose mysterious smile has baffled viewers for centuries. In 1506, da Vinci travel back to Milan to work for the French governor. During that time, he created a few paintings and acted mainly as an architect. In 1513, the French expelled da Vinci from Milan, which force him to seek work outside the city. For about three years, da Vinci stayed in Rome and didn’t receive any commission. In 1516, Francis I, the king of France requested Leonardo join his service. Leonardo decided...

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