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Leonardo Da Vinci: The Art Of Science

2379 words - 10 pages

Leonardo da Vinci was born in Vinci, Italy during the Renaissance in 1452; he was born out of wedlock, but had some formal education. Da Vinci was Verrocchio’s apprentice, where he learned art and was introduced to science and engineering. Leonardo learned Latin so he could take advantage of books printed in his time; between his own observations and reading studies done previously, Leonardo taught himself science. Unlike most people in his time, he questioned previous studies instead of openly accepting them. When Leonardo grew older he worked for the duke of Milan, and painted “the Last Supper”, his painting style was more realistic than most other artists during the Renaissance; this could be because of his extraordinary observation skills. He was the first to accurately portray the proportions of the human body, how the length from each fingertip equaled the height of the body, which was displayed in the “Renaissance Man”. The church finally allowed dissections for scientific purposes, but it was also common for successful artists to dissect corpses, in order to learn more about humans and further their artwork, but Leonardo da Vinci was curious as to how the world worked and started to perform his own experiments and dissections for learning purposes (Belt; Cooper; O’ Malley; Potter).
Leonardo concluded scientific theories that the rest of the world would not address until centuries after his time and the naturalistic techniques he used led to the birth of modern anatomy. Leonardo was the first to think of streamlined ships, helicopters meant for human flight, invent a diving suit with an air reservoir, to understand the position of leaves on stems of plants, draw an accurate picture of the heart and describe its function and movement, and explain how the eyes alone are not responsible for dividing light into different colors. Leonardo wrote mirrored to protect his ideas, because some people still believed God controlled the balance of life and science was black magic. Da Vinci planned to have his journals organized and published as he grew older, but in his will he left his work to his pupil, Francesco Melzi, who did not see the value and randomly distributed Leonardo’s work instead of publishing it. The people who could read Da Vinci’s notes valued the journals as centuries ahead of their time, but most people just appreciated them for the illustrations until the transcripts were translated and published for the public in the eighteenth century (Cooper; Gould; Gross; O’ Malley). Leonardo da Vinci is greatly admired for his artistic talent, but a closer look at his journals suggests da Vinci was a scientist and his philosophies were centuries ahead of his time.
Many were intrigued by Leonardo’s masterpieces and the drawings in his notebooks; he never forgot a detail and drew everything accurately. However, years after he died people started translating his journals and discovered the artwork in his journals were medical illustrations and...

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