The Life of Leonhard Euler
Leonhard Paul Euler was born on April 15th, 1707 in Basel, Switzerland and died on November18th, 1783 in St. Petersburg, Russia. Even from a young age, Euler was discovered by many, including his father (Paulus) and instructor (Johann I Bernoulli), to be extraordinarily proficient in mathematics. When he was just 15 years of age, Euler concluded his studies at the University of Basel. Euler wrote a prize winning paper explaining the best organization of masts on a sailing ship at 19 years old. The book was entitled Meditationes super problemate nautico… and the award he received was from the Academy of Sciences in Paris. In 1727, he submitted a dissertation regarding sound (Dissertatio physica de sono) in Basel. Euler was denied a physics professorship. The sons of his instructor Bernoulli, Nicholas and Daniel, urged him to progress to the St. Petersburg Academy in Russia, which could meet his level of positive tenacity in the field of mathematics and physics.
Once in St. Petersburg, Euler met with Jacob Hermann, Daniel Bernoulli, and an amateur mathematician and diplomat, Christian Goldbach. He wrote in excess of 100 scientific papers and advanced his fundamental work on mechanics over the span from 1727 to 1741. Euler was invited by Fredrick the Great to go to the Akademie in Berlin. He spent 25 years in Berlin, which did not impede on his academic work. Among other pieces, he created the calculus of variations, rewrote and translated Benjamin Robins’ treatise on artillery, and wrote the Introductio in analysin infinitorum. Euler was invited to return to St. Petersburg by Katherine II as a result from disputes with the Court in 1766. He returned with the locals looking up to him with honor and nobleness. He remained in St. Petersburg for the remainder of his life. He always wrote, though he was completely blind, his students assisted him with finishing his compositions. During which time he composed over 400 scientific papers and the well renowned Algebra. Many manuscripts were never even published.
Euler’s Ascension to Higher Knowledge
Euler was widely regarded as one of most profound contributors to the world of mathematics. He even did extensive work in certain areas of science. His first mathematic instructions were that of his father, who was a pastor in a neighboring town. His father had significant achievements in mathematics. Realizing his son’s potential, Euler’s father sent him
to the University of Basel at the incredibly young age of 14 for general studies. He was then given instruction from Johann Bernoulli, one of Europe’s initial mathematicians. Euler quickly decided Geometry to be his favorite area of study.
Bernoulli was soon exposed to Euler’s brilliance in analytical science and presently saw his true potential, and gained a new respect for him. Euler procured his degree of Master of Arts in philosophy in 1723 by comparing and contrasting the ideas of Descartes and...