Yet the Founding Fathers did not fully believe “that all men are created equal”. They feared the rule of the majority because in the 18th century the majority of Americans under-education, with little awareness of issues of the day, and therefore little ability to understand appropriate solutions to those issues. The framers of the Constitution created a process that guaranteed the election of a suitable president in case the general voting public elected someone “undesirable”. A group of educated men from each state cast ballots based on the preference of the voters in their respective states, as long as the candidate preferred met with the approval of this group. This system was, and still is, the Electoral College.
Today, there is no need to have the Electoral College acting on behalf of the people. Great improvements in education levels among the general voting populace and a corresponding increased awareness of issues affecting the people and the country mean the people are capable of determining who the President of the United States should be. The removal of the Electoral College makes the voting public directly responsible for electing the President and returns the values of equality and participation to the electoral process.
This change requires an amendment to Constitutional Article II. Article II defines the requirements of the Electoral College and its purpose. With this change, greater emphasis lies in the very act of voting itself. When a presidential candidate can lose the popular election but still become President of the United States through the process of the Electoral College the preference of the people feels ignored and the people begin to believe that their votes have no value. People disengage from the political process and voter turnout diminishes, making elections even less representative.
One of America’s most important civil rights is the right of every citizen over the age of 17 to vote. This right is the basis of the representative form of government the framers of the Constitution envisioned, even though at the time the founding Fathers wrote the Constitution only males could vote and certain requirements of land ownership and religious affiliation needed to be met. However, over time women and African Americans gained the right to vote, but only after considerable struggle. The elimination of other eligibility requirements based on property or religion allowed more men to vote, also.
The removal of the Electoral College from the presidential election process restores the importance of the right to vote. With a feeling of increased importance on every person’s vote, more people will re-enter the political system and vote, thereby increasing the representation of each person’s interests in the issues facing the country.
Looking at the remaining areas of the American political system - the presidency, Congress, and the Judiciary –small changes could bring about important improvements or close loopholes...