Leukemia Essay

1781 words - 7 pages

Today one of the greatest, problems is cancer.It is one of the hardest diseases to overcome, and unfortunately it is quiet common in today's society. Cancer is something that not only requires medical attention, but also support from family and friends, because it is a long process to get back to good health, and it will most likely get worse before it gets better. A major type of cancer is Leukemia. It accounts for one third of the cancer reports each year. Many people think that if a person has leukemia, he or she is sure to die from it. What they don't understand is there are many types or leukemia, many different ways to treat it, and people who do survive from it. And as doctors say, there is always hope in modern medicine, and never give up.This year alone about 31,500 new cases of leukemia were reported in the United States. Most cases occur in older adults, more than half are over the age of 60. But it effects both sexes, all ages, and all racial backgrounds. It is the most common cancer among children.Children are mostly affected between the ages or 2-5. More men are effected than women. Males account for 65 percent of leukemia reports. In the United States alone there are about 3,250 children diagnosed with leukemia each year.Most children are cured, because children tend to go the doctor more often than adults, so they are able to find the cancer in the first stages, as oppose to adults, who usually go once or twice a year to the doctor, and leukemia can spread very quickly throughout the body. It takes a while before you begin to feel the symptoms, and in most cases if you already feel sick it might be too late, because the cancer has spread though the entire body. There is a higher occurrence of leukemia in people of European decent rather than of African decent. About 1,380 African Americans will be diagnosed with it this year. Leukemia seems to be very high occurrence in Caucasian people, and very rare among Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people. There are about five different types of leukemia, and each has a different treatment, and there symptoms are vary.The first one is Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML). It's definition is a malignant cancer of the bone marrow that causes rapid growth of the forming cells in the bone marrow, peripheral blood, and body tissues. It tends to occur in middle aged people and is associated with a chromosome abnormality. There is no prevention of this right now, the symptoms are: fatigue, weakness, excessive sweating, fever, enlarged spleen, easy bleeding and bruising, sudden small red marks on the skin, bone pain, increased white blood cell count, and low vitamin B-12 level. The second type is, Hairy cell leukemia. The definition is A disease where cancer cells are found in the blood and bone marrow, it is an uncommon slowly progressing cancer of lymphocytes. It is a reduction of all types of blood cells. Although they are not actually "˜hairy' when looked at under a microscope they...

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