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Liams Essay

1096 words - 5 pages

Review of Literature.

Background and Changes to the Early Years Foundation Stage.

The Early Years Foundation Stage was first introduced in September 2008. The Early Years Foundation Stage was made mandatory for all Ofsted registered schools and early years settings who provide care for children between the ages of birth and the end of the academic year which a child has their fifth birthday. The Early Years Foundation Stage was developed to bring together the all curriculum guidance for the foundation stage. This includes Birth to Three Matters and The National Standards for Under Eights Day care and Childminding. (DCSF, 2007) The introduction of the Early Years Foundation Stage was ...view middle of the document...

(Department for Education, 2013)

Importance of the Key Person Role.
The Early Years Foundation Stage promotes the importance of the role of a key person. A key person must ensure that every child’s care is tailored to meet their individual needs and to help not only the child but also the parents or carers to feel familiar with the setting by building a relationship with them. (DCFS, 2012) Goldschmeid et al 2003 state that a key person is vital to a child, but for this role to be effective staff members need to be provided with time to develop their ideas. They also state that the setting should reflect upon the relevance of this role and be practical as to how many children one person can be a key person for. However Sigmund Freud identified that when a child forms such a strong relationship with an adult they may experience separation anxiety when they are not present. Settings should take this into consideration when planning training courses, completing rotas and approving holidays. This theory promotes this importance of all practitioners in a setting forming a relationship with the child and their parents or carers. (Byers et al, 2006) Past research into attachment by theorists such as Bowlby and Ainsworth has influenced the importance of the role of a key person in the early years. Bowlby stated that, not only do children form an attachment with their parents; parents form an attachment with their children. Parents may also suffer from separation anxiety and a feeling of guilt when leaving their child at a new setting, thus further promoting the importance of the child’s key person forming a relationship with the child’s parent or carer. (Palaiologou, 2013) Manning-Morton and Thorpe conducted a study in 2003 and stated that although the key person to a child is an important role, practitioners to do fully carry out the role. They also stated that although practitioners understood attachment theory, they did not implement and develop on it in practice. (Pound, 2004) The role and importance of the key person is stressed and promoted throughout legislation and current literature, however without further knowledge on attachment and the theories relating to it for...

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