South Korea was smashed by armed forces from communist North Korea and this set off the Korean War; at that time, the United States acted under the auspices of the United Nations. The act of the United States sprang to the defense of South Korea and this led to a bloody and frustrating war that lasted three years. Korea was a former Japanese possession and the country was divided into regions that followed the occupation of the Second World War. The United States forces accepted the surrender of the Japanese forces that were in southern Korea; on the other hand, the Soviet forces also accepted the surrender of the Japanese forces in northern Korea. Similarly to Germany, however, the division that was perceived to be temporary soon became permanent. The Soviets facilitated the establishment of communist regime in North Korea, while the United States participated in the division by sourcing for finance and military support for South Korea.
The Korean War became the first hot water after the Cold War, over 55,000 members of the American troops died during the conflict. Korean War became the first limited war in which the United States’ aim was not to have a complete and total defeat of its enemy. The limited goal of the United States was to protect South Korea; the only rational approach for the United States was to try and protect South Korea in order to avoid the occurrence of the Third World War. The United States also wanted to avoid stretching its finite resources too thinly around the globe; this however, proved to be a frustrating experience for people of the United States since they were used to victory that was achieved during the Second World War. The model of limited war was a difficult word to comprehend among the Americans and this led to the Korean War not to gain popular support.
The Korean War came into being as a civil war between the people of North Korea and those from South Korea; soon the conflict became international when the United Nations, represented by the United States, joined the war by supporting South Korea. On the other hand, the People’s Republic of China entered the conflict by supporting North Korea; this war left Korea a divided country while bringing the cold war to Asia.
Korea had a long national history together with a cultural and linguistic identity that was unique; despite this, the country suffered from frequent interference from its close neighbors. The Kingdom of Korea was treated as a tributary state by China for several centuries; China went ahead and fought Japan in order to be influential in the Korean Peninsula between 1894 and 1895. The Russo-Japanese War took place in 1904 to 1905 and the war was fought largely because of the Korean territory; Japan became victorious in the war and hence consolidated its growing influence in Korea. In 1910, Japan invaded Korea and made it its colony; it was able to rule Korea until the break of the Second World War.
During the Second World War, there were...