Librals Vs Realists Essay

1161 words - 5 pages

Liberal theories of international relations have made a number of contentions on the basis of economic development and its effect on the belligerence between countries. These claims have presented evident when analyzing the post-Cold War era’s increase in the globalization of trade and investment. Globalization is the process of international economic development, enabling financial and investment markets to operate internationally in the trade and investment markets. Liberalism encompasses a worldview founded on the belief that equality among the international sphere is necessary.
Liberalism encompasses a belief in international democracy, institutions and cooperation. This theory suggests ...view middle of the document...

This theory uses both the ideas of democracy and cooperation in making the assumption that democracies believe in the rule of law and transparency of other democratic processes, making it easier to sustain the international cooperation democracies take part in. The main two ideas that this theory pushes is the promotion of democracy and international trade. Democracy and international trade go hand in hand, because the states don’t feel as though their power or other investments are being threatened in the democratic sphere. While liberalism does primarily focus on democracy and international trade, it does have some limitations that other theories have challenged. Liberalism does not address the role of power, and its effect on the democratic systems and international trade. It also fails to address the fact that while democracies may not be willing to attack one another they are more willing to attack authoritarian regimes in an attempt to make the world a better place for democracy. The possibility of war between democratic states and non-democratic states are very likely and the liberal theories of international relations do not address it, leaving it for other theories to explain the tension between the two regimes.
The application of the liberalism theory to the post-Cold War era is possible because of the intense globalization of post socialist countries, in their move toward investment and trade patterns. The globalization occurrence in socialist countries provided the once socialist countries with a chance to transition towards democratization and into the trade and investment economic treaties in socialist states. The democratization process includes a reason as to why democratization occurs, the actual transition and the consolidation of the transition. The transition starts with a reason as to why the process must begin. The reason the transition to democratization occurs is because typically because of one or more of the following: liberalized authoritarian in place, limited democracy, or military defeat in an international conflict. The next step in the democratization process is surrounded around the electoral process and the elected officials. This step ensures that there is a fair and free election. It also ensures that once the elected government is in place that they will actually have the power to draft and implement legislation. The final part of this step ensures that the branches of the government are not overstepped by or impacted by others. The final and most important stage in the democratization process is that the transition...

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