Libya's Few Attractions Essay

807 words - 4 pages

One of the reasons why Italy wanted to colonize Libya is because of its location. Libya is located in the middle of Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Niger, Chad, and Sudan, so it has access to trading with all of these territories. Libya is on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and has many ports to trade with European nations. The location was also a success because Italy would have another port and loading dock in Africa, for ships. The Italian fleet would be able to stop and reload ships multiple times around the coast of Africa. The coastline is very fertile and has enough vegetation to harvest crops. One of the most popular goods grown is olives to make olive oil. However, the rest of Libya is ...view middle of the document...

Before 1911, Italy only controlled Somalia and Eritrea, which did not advance Italian prestige in the international community. Libya was the only remaining region in Africa that was unclaimed by a European power and almost all of North Africa was controlled by the French. Italy saw Libya as an opportunity and quickly tried to conquer all of the left over territory.2
Italy believed that Libya would be easy to conquer because the Ottomans controlled minimally. Italy saw Libya as the ideal colony with a Mediterranean coast.3
Italy imperialized Libya because the Prime Minister, Giovanni Giolitti, who was in his position from 1892-1921, wanted to promote many social and political reforms, like universal suffrage. He needed a colonial victory, like taking over Libya, to satisfy nationalists and conservatives, who were against these reforms.
Italy had also desired a colony to direct its growing rate of citizen emigration, which rose to high levels in the time after Italian unification.
After Italian unification, there was an anti-colonial sentimentality, so political leaders first tried economical and commercial control in Libya. In 1907, the Bank of Rome opened a branch office in Tripoli, financing enterprises and commercial activities in Libya. Back in Italy, newspapers started a propaganda campaign about the advantages of the occupation of Libya; riches of subsoil and fertility of land were greatly...

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